Civil War and Slaves Question ?

Were slaves property or people if taken during the war?

Also...

What were the controversies over slaves as contraband?

6 Answers

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  • Sam N
    Lv 6
    9 years ago
    Best Answer

    For the most part the Union army left freed slaves alone, in the sense that the Union army did not set out to terrorize them. And for the most part, as the Union Army began to advance into the deep south, slaves usually fled their masters and moved TOWARD the Union lines. Now, the Union Army was given the primary mission of destroying the Confederacy. While freeing the slaves became an ultimate goal for the Union, it was not something that every Union general directly concerned himself with while South was still fighting. This lead incidents in Sherman's March that the Union cut the pontoons to a bridge across a river leaving many freed slaves to try and swim the river to keep up with the march or surrender to Confederate guerrillas who were liable to shoot them if they didn't return them to the masters they had escaped from.

    The greatest problem involving slaves and freed slaves came from the South's policy to blacks serving with the Union Army. After the Emancipation Proclamation the Confederate government issued a proclamation stating, "Any ***** taken in arms against the Confederacy will be returned to a state of slavery. Any ***** taken in Federal Uniform will be put to death. Any white officer in command of ***** troops will be deemed as inciting servile insurrection, and will be likewise, be put to death."

    And the South made GOOD on this threat. As Lee's army marched into Pennsylvania before the Battle of Gettysburg, any african they came across (regardless of how long he had been free) was sent south IN to slavery. During the siege of Petersburg, after Burnside attempted to blow a hole in the Confederate lines, Confederates murdered African soldiers attempting to surrender at what became known as the "Crater". A similar incident occurred in the west. Nathan Bedford Forrest's cavalry overran a Federal post called Fort Pillow, predominantly manned by black soldiers. EVERY federal soldier in the post was killed or wounded, and many of them shot AFTER they surrendered. In response to such racist atrocities committed by the Confederacy, Ulysses S. Grant ended the system of prisoner exchanges which had been done up to that point in the war... unintentionally creating the horrors at Andersonville.

  • ロキ
    Lv 5
    9 years ago

    If taken during the war, slaves were Union property, just like all the land. The Union soldiers could do whatever they pleased with both. Slaves as contraband? Never heard of such a theory, mostly because slavery was still thriving up North.

    Slave - 1. a person who is the property of and wholly subject to another; a bond servant.

    2.a person entirely under the domination of some influence or person

    By that definition alone, the entire nation was a slave nation. When you don't give people their basic rights, when you forbid them to be in groups bigger than 4 people, when you don't let them vote, don't treat them equally, don't even think of them as human, that is slavery. It doesn't matter whether it's outlawed or not, anyone who wasn't white was basically a slave until the 1960s.

  • 9 years ago

    Early in the war slaves were considered as property and returned to their masters. In 1861 in Maryland General Ben Butler began to call slaves contraband of war because slaves were used to built defenses for the south and thereby were to to be kept by the north so that they slaves could not be reused to make more defenses . The South argued that the captured blacks were property so were to be returned, for a short time they were returned after Bull Run Slaves were held as contraband's fact that became the Northern name for slave , they were kept in camps near the Union Army Camps and put in charge on clergy and these people were taught by abolitionists.

    So the answer to your question is yes slaves were considered both property and contraband..

  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    Are you referring to the U.S. Civil War or to wars in general? Few people enter slavery voluntarily (although some do--usually to pay off debts for the family). Most slaves are captured during war, while others are sold by stronger and more powerful family members (usually parents).

    Slaves are considered property, but they are still people.

    Under the Fugitive Slave Act, if the Union captured a plantation or other entity with slaves, the people remained slaves until January 1, 1863. As of that date, slaves were liberated by the Emancipation Proclamation.

    Lincoln's famous declaration applied only in those areas of the CSA controlled by Union troops. It immediately freed about 50,000 slaves, although it eventually led to freedom for 3.1 million. the other 900,000 slaves had to wait for the 13th Amendment.

    Of course, this doesn't take into account the 50,000 to 100,000 slaves in the United States today, most of whom are underage sex traffickers.

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  • 3 years ago

    Industrialized agriculture of the South deliver approximately the Civil war yet without slaves that would desire to of not of been the case so it that way no. on the different hand the Civil war replaced into led to by employing the north not eager to break up the union. Butterfly outcomes are complicated to undertaking.

  • ?
    Lv 5
    9 years ago

    well my great great grandmother was traded into VA and then she left and ran to the north, but she got help from ms tubman. Oh and she met colonel sanders! how cool is that!!!

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