Government Homework Help!!!!?
1.) What percent of legislative measures get tabled in committee?
2.) T or F: In its 1995 decision in Shaw v. Reno, the US supreme court supported race as the principal criterion for drawing legislative districts?
3.) Which house leader refers bills to committees in the U.S. House of Representatives?
- Anonymous9 years agoFavorite Answer
1. Approximately 90%.
The percentage of bills reported or passed varies dramatically across congresses, partly because of dramatic changes in the number of bills introduced. Between 1947 and 1998, the average of bills passed by chamber is around 10%. The rest die in committee.
Shaw v. Reno.
In the fall of 1991, a reapportionment plan was submitted for the state of North Carolina that only included one black minority district. This plan was subsequently rejected by the U.S. attorney general due to the lack of minority voting representation. In order to remedy this, a revised plan was submitted that included a second majority-minority district of an unusual shape. The new district was at times no wider than a two-lane highway and ran along Interstate 85 for about 160 miles. Five residents of North Carolina filed a claim that this new district was created for the sole purpose of adding another black representative. This rearrangement of district lines to produce a change in the voting majority of a certain area is called a "gerrymander." Because this new district consisted of such an unusual shape so that it deliberately encompassed areas with higher black populations, these residents believed that the state may have violated the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause. The case was heard by a three-judge district court, who ruled that the residents did not prove an unconstitutional equal protection claim. An appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court was made.
Appellant's Claim: That the state of North Carolina created an unconstitutional racially gerrymandered district, which violates the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause. Date of Decision: 28 June 1993 (not 1995). Decision: By 5-4 vote, the district court's decision was reversed and remanded. Significance: The U.S. Supreme Court considered the many complex and difficult issues involved when the state of North Carolina proposed the creation of a second majority-minority district no wider than a two-lane highway, raising the possibility that this action violated the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause.
3. The Speaker of the House.
After the Clerk of the House receives a bill it is then assigned a legislative number, enrolled in the House Journal and printed in the Congressional Record and the Speaker of the House refers the bill to the Committee(s) with jurisdiction by sending the bill to the Office of the Chairman of the committee(s), and the Clerk of the Committee will add the bill to the Committee's calendar. The Speaker designates one of these committees as a "primary committee" with primary jurisdiction and responsibility for the bill and all other committee(s) are considered "additional committees" and the Speaker may impose time limits on these committee(s) if she deems it appropriate and traditionally does so if the primary committee has reported out a version of the bill to the full House.Source(s): Question 1: http://www.congressionalbills.org/trends.html and http://www.congressionalbills.org/success.bmp - Question 2: http://law.jrank.org/pages/24957/Shaw-v-Reno-Case-... and http://law.jrank.org/pages/13419/Shaw-v-Reno.html - Question 3: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Procedures_of_the_Uni...