AP World History Questions?
1. What are the basic characteristics of the three types of societies: hunter-gathers (foragers), pastoralists, and civilization?
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
wikipedia...so helpful lol
A hunter-gatherer society is one whose primary subsistence method involves the direct procurement of edible plants and animals from the wild, foraging and hunting without significant recourse to the domestication of either. Up to 80% of the food is obtained by gathering
Pastoralism or pastoral farming is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock. It is animal husbandry: the care, tending and use of animals such as camels, goats, cattle, yaks, llamas, and sheep. It may have a mobile aspect, moving the herds in search of fresh pasture and water.
Pastoralism is found in many variations throughout the world. Composition of herds, management practices, social organization and all other aspects of pastoralism vary between areas and between social groups. Many traditional practices have also had to adapt to the changing circumstance of the modern world. Ranches of the United States and sheep stations and cattle stations of Australia are seen by some as modern variations.
Civilization (or civilisation) is a sometimes controversial term which has been used in several related ways. Primarily, the term has been used to refers to human cultures which are relatively more complex in terms of technology, politics and division of labour. Such civilizations are generally urbanized. In classical contexts civilized peoples are called this in contrast to "barbarian" peoples, while in early modern contexts civilized peoples were contrasted to "primitive" peoples.
In more modern academic discussions however, the term is often used in a more neutral way to mean approximately the same thing as "culture" and can refer to any human society (for example, "Ancient Greek Civilization") associated with any particular geographical location at a particular time, historical or current. Still, even when used in this second sense, the word is often restricted to apply only to societies that have attained a particular level of advancement, especially the founding of cities, with the word "city" defined in various ways.
The level of advancement of a civilization is often measured by its progress in agriculture, long-distance trade, occupational specialization, and urbanism. Aside from these core elements, civilization is often marked by any combination of a number of secondary elements, including a developed transportation system, writing, standards of measurement (currency, etc.), contract and tort-based legal systems, characteristic art styles (which may pertain to specific cultures), monumental architecture, mathematics, sophisticated metallurgy, and astronomy.
(Hope this is good for you! sorry if I just seem cheap by going to wikipedia lol, just reword everything and simplify it and you'll be fine =])Source(s): www.wikipedia.org
- Anonymous4 years ago
Pastoralism Ap World HistorySource(s): https://owly.im/a9qf9