Vickey asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago


因為翻譯翻起來都怪怪的,煩請達人幫我翻譯一下 我需要完整的翻譯不要大概的內容而已~謝謝

The average age at time of death was 50.5+-1.8 years, with

75% younger than 60 years old. Using data from the National

Center for Health Statistics, the age-adjusted death

rate in a US standard population was predicted to be 535

deaths per 100,000 population per year. This number appears

much lower than the observed rate of longterm

deaths in patients after operative treatment for chronic

pancreatitis (Fig. 1). Survival did not depend on the type of

operation performed. Cause of death was unknown in 59%

of patients, cardiovascular disease in 21% of patients, suicide

or drug overdose in 9% of patients, cancer in 7% of

patients, and sepsis in 5% of patients. This included 1

patient who was discovered to have pancreatic adenocarcinoma

5 months after LPJ. Of the remaining 171 patients,

24% were pain free and 25% had good pain control after

the procedure. There was no statistical difference in pain

control for the group of patients who had intractable pain,

as the indication for operative intervention or for patients

who underwent pancreatic reoperation compared with the

rest. Sixty-two percent of patients returned to work, including

25% who had multiple sick days or worked parttime

because of medical limitations (Table 5).


For multivariate analysis assessing independent factors

predicting pain control, 98 pre-, intra-, and early postoperative

clinical variables were compared with poor longterm

pain control.

Update 2:

Variables significant at p< 0.10 were

included into the model. Multivariate logistic regression

identified risk factors associated with poor longterm pain

control (Table 4). .

Update 3:

This included patients with chronic use

of narcotic analgesics before operation. Patients who underwent

PD had worse pain control, with most patients

having nondilated-duct chronic pancreatitis.

Update 4:

There was no association between pancreatic duct size and pain control.

Patients with multiple earlier abdominal operations showed worse pain control,

Update 5:

and patients who underwent pancreatic reoperation had no significant difference in pain

control than de novo pancreatic operation (de novo [n= 128]: 46% with poor pain control versus reoperation [n= 43]: 65% with poor pain control; p > 0.05).

Update 6:

Patients with gallstone-induced chronic pancreatitis had better longterm pain control than those with other risk factors for chronic pancreatitis.

Update 7:

The average quality-of-life scale was between the 35th and 46th percentile, using norm-based scoring and slightly below, but not substantially different from, a general population

norm (Fig. 2).

Update 8:

The average physical component score was on the 41+-0.8 percentile and average mental component score was on the 42 +- 0.7 percentile.

Update 9:

New onset of diabetes mellitus occurred in 35% of patients, and 29% of patients presented with new onset of steatorrhea at followup.

Update 10:

Significant weight changes could be found in8 +-1.4 days after LPJ, PD, and DP with need for postoperative ICU stay in 5%, 19%, and 13% of patients, respectively.

Perioperative mortality was 1.3%.

Update 11:

Cause of death was sepsis related to pancreaticojejunal anastomotic dehiscence

after LPJ in two patients, sepsis and cholangitis after PD in one patient, massive cerebral stroke after DP in one patient,

Update 12:

and death at home of unknown cause shortly after an uncomplicated hospital stay after DP in one patient. Eighty-six pre- and intraoperative clinical variables were compared with perioperative morbidity.

Update 13:

Variables significant at a p <0.10 value were included in a multivariate logistic regression model. The multivariate model was controlled for the type of operation performed.Variables independently influencing perioperative morbidity are listed in Table 4.

Update 14:

Because of the low perioperative mortality rate, no risk factors for perioperative mortality could be identified.Longterm outcomes were assessed by patient survey. Of 367 patients surviving the perioperative period, 229 patients(62%) were available for longterm followup.

Update 15:

Median duration of followup was 5.5 +-0.2 years. During the followup period, 58 patients (25%) died. One-year, 3-year, and 5-year survival was 97%, 87%, and 82%, respectively

Update 16:



LPJ 後的 5 個月。 在其餘的 171 患者的

24%是免費的痛苦和 25%有好的疼痛控制後

該過程。 在痛苦中沒有統計差異




其餘部分。 62%的病人回到工作,包括

有多個病假或工作時裝店的 25 %

由於的醫療限制 (表 5)。

1 Answer

  • 9 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    在死亡時的平均年齡是 50.5+-1.8 年,與

    比 60 歲年輕的 75%。 使用來自國家的資料


    美國標準人口率預測為 535

    每年每 10 萬人死亡。 此數字顯示



    胰腺炎 (圖 1)。 生存並不取決於的類型

    執行的操作。 死亡的原因是未知的 59 %

    病人,心血管疾病的 21%的病人,自殺

    或藥物過量的 7%的癌症患者,9 %

    患者和膿毒症患者的 5%。 這包括 1


    LPJ 後的 5 個月。 在其餘的 171 患者的

    24%是免費的痛苦和 25%有好的疼痛控制後

    該過程。 在痛苦中沒有統計差異




    其餘部分。 62%的病人回到工作,包括

    有多個病假或工作時裝店的 25 %

    由於的醫療限制 (表 5)。

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