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What were the Brown V. Board Of Education case precedents and how did the situation violate the 14th Am.?

i need to write a paragraph on each question. its stressing me =[.

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  • 10 years ago
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    The primary precedent in Brown was Plessy vs. Ferguson, which was overturned. Plessy involved the admission of Blacks to the law school at the University of Texas; the Court held in Plessy that the Constitution required "separate but equal" facilities between Black law students and White law students. "No" said the Brown Court, " 'Separate but equal' educational facilities are inherently unequal." Plessy was stricken down as precedent.

    In regard to the 14th Amendment, he unanimous Court stated: "Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other "tangible" factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group of equal educational opportunities? We believe that it does... Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law, for the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as denoting the inferiority of the ***** group. A sense of inferiority affects the motivation of a child to learn. Segregation with the sanction of law, therefore, has a tendency to [retard] the educational and mental development of ***** children and to deprive them of some of the benefits they would receive in a racial[ly] integrated school system...

    We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs and others similarly situated for whom the actions have been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment."

    What the Court recognized is that separation of races in education has such a deleterious effect upon learning that it amounted to a denial of the equal protection of the laws and therefore could not be constitutional.

    Source(s): Con law courses in college. 32 yrs as lawyer
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