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What's the difference between marriage and civil union?

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  • .*.
    Lv 6
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    In the US EVERY state regulates marriage by the issuance of a marriage license. In the US EVERY religious group has their own dogma, doctrine and beliefs to which they adhere.

    The current argument about marriage is in the basic context of the question "What is "marriage"?

    IN EVERY STATE "civil marriage" is the legal contact between two persons that grants rights, privileges and responsibilities to the two person taking out what is called a "marriage license". When properly witnessed and exchange of verbal acknowledgment of the states regulations concerning "civil marriage' the two persons are issued a "certificate of marriage".

    IN EVERY STATE every single religious group has, under the protection of the US Constitution, the right to perform what ever ceremonies they feel are in accordance with their dogma, doctrine and beliefs. The ceremony of "marriage" is a "religious rite" where in the couple publicly commit themselves to abide by the dogma, doctrine and beliefs of their chosen religious group.

    Religious groups contend that "marriage" is a religiously owned process. This is not true. In order to establish a different name for the "civil marriage contracts" issued by the state, many states have chosen to enact laws that call those "civil marriage contracts" "civil unions" which by definition of the law surrounding that new term "civil unions" may or may not grant the full rights, privileges or responsibilities of the "civil marriage contract" to those who would be denied access to the "civil marriage contract". In effect the "separate but equal" concept of law that were found in the segregation laws prior to the Civil Rights Act.

    These laws were found to be unconstitutional on several levels and the Civil Rights Acts did away with them.

    But some states still persisted with laws that still prevented equality of US citizens. Example: Loving v Virginia 1967 was a racial differentiation law that prohibited people of color to marry whites. In the decision the SCOTUS determined that marriage "is a basic human civil right" "to be available to all citizens" equally.

    In Romer v Evans 1996 Justice Kennedy writing for the majority of the SCOTUS, stated very clearly that "the state' cannot enact law which specifically targets a specific group for the purpose of limiting that groups basic civil rights.

    In Lawrence v Texas 2003 the SCOTUS also ruled that consensual sex between adults cannot be regulated by the state. In doing so the SCOTUS struck down all sodomy laws in the US.

    When looking at the term "Civil Union" (in California it is called 'domestic partnerships) v "Civil Marriage" the "civil union" (and like wise 'domestic partnerships') attempts to create a separate but equal classification of the joining of two people in a contractual relationship. The Supreme Court of California ruled that type of law was unconstitutional and struck down Prop22.

    Today we are faced with the problem of numerous terms to mean many different things concerning the methodology of providing a "state sanctioned" contract between two people . Sadly the religious groups object, insisting that "marriage" is a religious domain.

    The differences between "civil marriage" and "civil union" boils down to the laws that surround each term as to the rights, privileges and responsibilities assigned to each. Under the CASC ruling you can't have two different names or definitions for the same contract.

    Hope that explains the current delema surrounding the "marriage" debate.

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  • 10 years ago

    I am not a legal expect so cant list it all.

    The trouble with these sorts of things is, you don't learn until its to late. As an example, a male friend of mine died. His partner (male) was treated respectfully by the police, the hospital, legal and government groups and the funeral home people. Even past acquaintances (my friend was into the computer industry from way back in the early 70s) people he had not seen for 30 years, they had no idea of his sexuality yet all were respectful.

    For the surviving partner this tolerance and respect helped him to accept the loss. It also made me proud of my community as we are not in a recognised gay area of Sydney.

    Yet I know that currently here in Australia civil union is not law. So the above groups could have made life hard for the surviving partner.

    And this is why the divide has to be eliminated.

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  • 3 years ago

    google seek "wakeful! NOVEMBER 2013 THE BIBLE’S attitude Is marriage in basic terms a social union?" IMHO a civil union is an contract with the two human beings and the government. Marriage is an contract between 2 human beings and God, so it needs to be on his words.

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  • ~Tess~
    Lv 6
    10 years ago

    Civil Unions are state only. If a person enters a civil union in one state, they will have state rights granted to them. I believe that if they moved to another state they would not have that right. Marriage is a federal thing (although not for gay people since it goes state-by-state with us). Marriage grants many more rights than civil unions do. Some states that don't allow gay marriage will recognize marriage from another state (I believe NY does this).

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  • cc
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    Marriage: Entitles you to a variety of benefits, including but not limited to Federal tax benefits. Also as you pointed out, everyone knows what marriage is, not everyone understands what a civil union or a Dometic Partnership is. Lack of recognition is key!

    Civil Unions or Domestic Partnerships are not granted any Federal tax benefits thanks to the now declared unconstitutional law of DOMA! Unfortunately Appeals are in the process!

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  • 10 years ago

    Q: What's the difference between marriage and civil union?

    A: The difference between "equal" and "separate but equal".

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  • 10 years ago

    Civil unions is just a "civil" way of saying heterosexuals are better than gays.

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  • 10 years ago

    Nothing legally, but the symbolic nature of the terms aren't equal

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  • Mike K
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    Hello,

    Essentially the finacial liabilities and duties outside the spiritual end of it all.

    Cheers,

    Michael Kelly.

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  • 10 years ago

    ones marriage and the other isn't really marriage

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