why did britain imperialize Sudan?

5 Answers

  • 10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    mostly because it was the only way to stop the slave trade there

    the Brits would have joyfully ignored Sudan- which was a Turkish colony (under the rule of Egypt, which was semi-independent from Turkey and under British protection) except for the Mahdi rebellion. The Mahdi broke up several Egyptian forces and attacked Gordon (who was employed by Egypt as a governor of Khartoum). Mahdis greatest gripe against Gordon was that Gordon stopped the slave trade (Khartoum was one of the biggest slave markets around the world- alongside Zanzibar and Algiers)

    Mahdi financed his war by trading slaves. is expeditions ravaged central Africa from Sudan to Mozambique and Angola. Among others he managed to cut the population of Congo (Zaire) by 70% - since those who were not "good enough" to be enslaved (too young or too old) were murdered on the spot- because they were pagans and thus "fair game" under muslim laws

    Gordon knew the Brits didn't want to get involved- so he involved the Brit press. When the siege of Khartoum began there was a mounting pressure on the Brit government to "do something". As a result some 2000 men were sent (Mahdi had, by that time some 250000 warriors) - who cut their way through the desert and through Mahdi's army and reached Khartoum. One day too late.

    This got the Brit public seriously annoyed. Also the Brit government was left with poo on their faces. So the next expediton numbered 15 thousand men and annihilated Mahdi's army (his successor's really- since Mahdi was dead by then). the other Powers joined in - Italy, France and Belgium were fed up with slave raiders ravaging their colonies - and the slave trader nest in Sudan was pacified

    Of course the evil colonialist-imperialist times are over. And in Sudan today (in the northern, muslim part which uses Sharia law) slavery is perfectly legal. Only on Blacks of course- a Black muslim from Darfur can be bought for 200 US$. A Black Christian goes for 400 US$ (they'e become more expensive since the time they learned how to shoot back at the slave raiders). Of course enslaving an "arab" muslim is against the law

  • Lulu
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    By the early 1890s, British, French and Belgian claims had converged at the Nile headwaters. Britain feared that the other imperial powers would take advantage of Sudan's instability to acquire territory previously annexed to Egypt. Apart from these political considerations, Britain wanted to establish control over the Nile to safeguard a planned irrigation dam at Aswan.

  • Bilbo
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    Part of a series of colonies from Cairo to the Cape so as to be able to effectively control the eastern side of Africa to exploit natural resouces and control the Red Sea and connection to the Mediterranean and conso;lidate its interests in Eygpt which had been wrested from the French.

  • 3 years ago


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  • Anonymous
    10 years ago

    because they could and they added it on like it was part of their country..with land resources and "slaves" to boot,,just like they did with India and several other regions of the world.

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