The power of the national government over state governments is strengthened by?
I. Categorical grants
II. Revenue sharing
III. The decision in McCulloch v. Maryland
IV. The "necessary and proper" clause
B)I and II only
C)III and IV only
D)I, III, and IV only
E)I, II, III, and IV
- BeachBumLv 79 years agoBest Answer
Ok I know right off III is in there:
McCulloch v. Maryland
Facts of the Case:
In 1816, Congress chartered The Second Bank of the United States. In 1818, the state of Maryland passed legislation to impose taxes on the bank. James W. McCulloch, the cashier of the Baltimore branch of the bank, refused to pay the tax.
The case presented two questions: Did Congress have the authority to establish the bank? Did the Maryland law unconstitutionally interfere with congressional powers?
In a unanimous decision, the Court held that Congress had the power to incorporate the bank and that Maryland could not tax instruments of the national government employed in the execution of constitutional powers. Writing for the Court, Chief Justice Marshall noted that Congress possessed unenumerated powers not explicitly outlined in the Constitution. Marshall also held that while the states retained the power of taxation, "the constitution and the laws made in pursuance thereof are supreme. . .they control the constitution and laws of the respective states, and cannot be controlled by them."
Under the Constitution, powers reserved to the national government include:
# Print money (bills and coins)
# Declare war
# Establish an army and navy
# Enter into treaties with foreign governments
# Regulate commerce between states and international trade
# Establish post offices and issue postage
# Make laws necessary to enforce the Constitution
Exclusive Powers of State Governments
Powers reserved to state governments include:
# Establish local governments
# Issue licenses (driver, hunting, marriage, etc.)
# Regulate intrastate (within the state) commerce
# Conduct elections
# Ratify amendments to the U.S. Constitution
# Provide for public health and safety
# Exercise powers neither delegated to the national government or prohibited from the states by the U.S.
# Constitution (For example, setting legal drinking and smoking ages.)
Powers Shared by National and State Government
Shared, or "concurrent" powers include:
# Setting up courts
# Creating and collecting taxes
# Building highways
# Borrowing money
# Making and enforcing laws
# Chartering banks and corporations
# Spending money for the betterment of the general welfare
# Taking (condemning) private property with just compensation
- 4 years ago
Power to the people, not to Chinese factory owners.