? asked in Politics & GovernmentGovernment · 9 years ago

The power of the national government over state governments is strengthened by?

I. Categorical grants

II. Revenue sharing

III. The decision in McCulloch v. Maryland

IV. The "necessary and proper" clause

A)II only

B)I and II only

C)III and IV only

D)I, III, and IV only

E)I, II, III, and IV

2 Answers

  • 9 years ago
    Best Answer

    Ok I know right off III is in there:

    McCulloch v. Maryland

    Facts of the Case:

    In 1816, Congress chartered The Second Bank of the United States. In 1818, the state of Maryland passed legislation to impose taxes on the bank. James W. McCulloch, the cashier of the Baltimore branch of the bank, refused to pay the tax.


    The case presented two questions: Did Congress have the authority to establish the bank? Did the Maryland law unconstitutionally interfere with congressional powers?


    In a unanimous decision, the Court held that Congress had the power to incorporate the bank and that Maryland could not tax instruments of the national government employed in the execution of constitutional powers. Writing for the Court, Chief Justice Marshall noted that Congress possessed unenumerated powers not explicitly outlined in the Constitution. Marshall also held that while the states retained the power of taxation, "the constitution and the laws made in pursuance thereof are supreme. . .they control the constitution and laws of the respective states, and cannot be controlled by them."


    Under the Constitution, powers reserved to the national government include:

    # Print money (bills and coins)

    # Declare war

    # Establish an army and navy

    # Enter into treaties with foreign governments

    # Regulate commerce between states and international trade

    # Establish post offices and issue postage

    # Make laws necessary to enforce the Constitution

    Exclusive Powers of State Governments

    Powers reserved to state governments include:

    # Establish local governments

    # Issue licenses (driver, hunting, marriage, etc.)

    # Regulate intrastate (within the state) commerce

    # Conduct elections

    # Ratify amendments to the U.S. Constitution

    # Provide for public health and safety

    # Exercise powers neither delegated to the national government or prohibited from the states by the U.S.

    # Constitution (For example, setting legal drinking and smoking ages.)

    Powers Shared by National and State Government

    Shared, or "concurrent" powers include:

    # Setting up courts

    # Creating and collecting taxes

    # Building highways

    # Borrowing money

    # Making and enforcing laws

    # Chartering banks and corporations

    # Spending money for the betterment of the general welfare

    # Taking (condemning) private property with just compensation

  • 4 years ago

    Power to the people, not to Chinese factory owners.

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