When子句 + 祈使句的問題

書本裡面有提到

When子句 + 祈始句 :做...的時候

並有舉下面的例子說明

When investigating an insurance claim,follow all company procedures.

(在調查保險金索賠請求時,要提交這份申請表格)

我疑惑的是,所謂的子句不是應當要有主詞+動詞嗎?

When investigating an insurance claim這句話的主詞、動詞在哪..?怎麼我好像看不出來

下面的例題也是一樣

when making a presentation,avoid discussing matters already known to the audience.

只有making a presentation也能算是子句嗎?

英文程度很糟,懇請各位大大賜教

Update:

感謝大家,我已經了解上述的句子是經由省略而來

不過下面這個句子又是省略了哪些東西呢..?看不太出來

Whatever your destination , rely on J NET for quality service.

6 Answers

Rating
  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    When investigating an insurance claim,follow all company procedures.

    還原本句:

    When(you are) investigating an insurance claim,(you should)follow all company procedures.

    1.When(you are) investigating an insurance claim本句為分詞構句用法,修飾後接子句,因主詞相同,故可省略

    2.(you should) follow all company procedures.本句為祈使句故主詞省略,為常用句法*****

    2010-10-03 13:09:27 補充:

    Whatever your destination(Whatever子句可以省略動詞,本句為is) ,(you can) rely on J NET for quality service(祈使句之主詞省略). *****

  • 10 years ago

    這是表示要求或命令。不要去管是不是祈使句。因為這種句子與其說是祈使(祈願)句,不如說是命令句。試看下面這個句子(我自己造的):

    Take off your shoes when arriving home.

    到家的時候(我們常常會說到家之後)脫掉鞋子。

    你認為這句話是祈使句嗎?

    至於分詞構句,這個例句when後面的子句不就是分詞構句嗎?

    When arriving home...=When you arrive home....

    不是嗎?

  • 10 years ago

    When子句 + 祈始句 :做...的時候

    像這樣的句子叫做分辭構句,副詞子句中的連接詞包括主詞都會省略

    但是主詞省略的條件是:主要子句語副詞子句中的主詞要一樣

    像你所舉的例子可以再更精簡一些

    原 : When you investigate an insurance claim,follow all company procedures.

    改 : When investigating an insurance claim,follow all company procedures.

    再改: Investigating an insurance claim,follow all company procedures.

    同理 : Making a presentation,avoid discussing matters already known to the audience.

    Source(s): 自己
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    一句話您就明白了:

    這不是子句, 而是保留時間副詞的分詞構句.

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  • 小j
    Lv 7
    10 years ago

    1.When investigating an insurance claim,follow all company procedures.

    這句話有省略

    原句應該是

    When you are investigating an insurance claim,follow all company procedures.

    前面那一句主詞you,動詞are 都省略掉了2.When making a presentation,avoid discussing matters already known to the audience.

    這句也是

    原句應該是

    When you are making a presentation,avoid discussing matters already known to the audience.

    前面那一句主詞you,動詞are 都省略掉了

  • 10 years ago

    ...我更糟,你這個問題裡我沒有一個單字(除了when)我看得懂,你已經很厲害了

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