一則關於as的文法疑問??

我自己買了一本有關圖像設計的英文書來看,

請問大家一則文法哦:

(以下是節錄自How to Use Image)

Pictograms, which are images that represent an object, also formed the basis of much communication, as did ideograms---images or symbols that represent a concept or action......

這邊的文法as did 我看不太懂,

可否幫忙解釋一下,謝謝。

5 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    還好我要講的沒被人講走……

    Pictograms, which are images that represent an object, also formed the basis of much communication, as did ideograms---images or symbols that represent a concept or action......

    對,as did ideograms .... 是倒裝句沒錯。等於 as ideograms did .....

    可是為什麼這邊要用倒裝句呢? 這,才是我要說的精華。

    先來看破折號,由於您沒打完整的句子,我假設是如下面二種斷句好了

    (1) Pictograms, which are images that represent an object, also formed the basis of much communication, as did ideograms---images or symbols that represent a concept or action ~~~. (後句號)

    (2) Pictograms, which are images that represent an object, also formed the basis of much communication, as did ideograms---images or symbols that represent a concept or action ~~~ -- (破折號) ~~. (句號)

    無論是一還是二,請把破折號視為同位語的表現(也有人稱為插入句、或是省略關係代名詞的名詞子句),也就是說,破折號可以看成逗點之後對 images or symbols that represent a concept or action ...... 視為

    ideograms 的同位語。而先行詞(ideograms)需盡量靠近同位語為佳。

    雖然您說 as ideograms did ---images or symbols that represent a concept or action ~~~ 這樣也應該可以看的懂,可是卻不太符合文法上的習慣(先行詞需盡量靠近同位語為佳)。文法上之所以有這個習慣,是為了必免誤會。

    如此句不到裝:

    Pictograms, which are images that represent an object, also formed the basis of much communication, [ as ideograms did ] , images or symbols that represent a concept or action.

    讀者可以合理斷句成 括號[ ]內的子句為communication的同位語,而 communication, images or symbos 為三個名字的平行結構。

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    接下來講更細,什麼是同位語? 又,為什麼先行詞要盡量靠近同位語。這個就要用關係代名詞來理解。

    ex: Yi Sin Shun, the founder of ROC, had studied in England.

    此句中the founder of ROC為 Yi Sin Shun的同位語,用來補充說明Yi Sin Shun.

    用關代來理解如下

    Yi Sin Shun, (who is) the founder of ROC, had studied in England. (括號內省略)

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    最後我再舉一個旋元佑文法書中的例句

    Girls like cats more than do boys, who as a rule are cruel a lot.

    此句中也是同理故 boys do 倒裝。

    若是這句寫成 Girls like cats more than boys, who as a rule are cruel a lot, do.

    的話,修辭不佳。如同

    Pictograms, which are images that represent an object, also formed the basis of much communication, as ideograms, images or symbols that represent a concept or action, did.

    一樣,修辭不佳。

  • 1 decade ago

    「還好我要講的沒被人講走……」

    哈哈哈,真可愛!

  • dim
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    這個句子還沒講完,", which are....."是講 pictograms ,而"---images or symbols...." 是講 ideogramsm。

    這是兩個主要主詞的說明;所以, as 是連接詞,用來連 " pictograms" 和 " ideogrms" 把 " did" 拿到 " ideograms" 後面就可看得很清楚了。

    Source(s): 老師
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    as did ideograms是倒裝句

    = as ideograms formed the basis of much communication

    did代表後面省略的述部,因為和前面句的述部重覆,所以省略.

    連接詞as的意思是和xxx相同,後面接子句

    類似的句子有:

    Frank is a fine athlete, as was his father before him.

    I travel to London every day, as do most of the people who live in this village.

    (例句取自Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners p.73)

    2010-09-23 23:15:30 補充:

    關係子句只能當修飾語,不能當同位語。

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  • 1 decade ago

    It is near or very close to " so is".

    For example:

    I like fishing in the morning, as did my neighbor. -> we both fishing in the morning.

    = I like fishing in the morning and so does my neighbor.

    "as did" is like 好像 and 就像

    Hope this helps you.

    Are you majoring in some kind of design? Just ask and never mind.

    Source(s): me
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