What is the geography of Pakistan?
What is the geography?
What are the politics?
What is the terrain like?
- ChristyLv 51 decade agoFavorite Answer
Official name: The Islamic Republic of Pakistan.
Official language: Urdu.
Largest cities: (1998 census): Karachi (9,269,265); Lahore(5,063,499); Faisalabad (1,977,246); Rawalpindi (1,406,214); Multan (1,182,441); Hyderabad (1,151,274).
Land: Pakistan lies in southern Asia, north of the Arabian Sea. It borders Iran, Afghanistan, China, and India. Mountains cover most of northern and western Pakistan. The Thar Desert covers much of southeastern Pakistan, and most of southwestern Pakistan is an arid plateau. A major river system waters the fertile plains of central Pakistan.
Area: 307,374 mi2 (796,095 km2). Greatest distances—north-south, 934 mi (1,505 km); east-west, 800 mi (1,287 km). Coastline—506 mi (814 km).
Elevation: Highest—K2 (in Kashmir), 28,250 ft (8,611 m) above sea level. Lowest—sea level.
Climate: Most of Pakistan has a dry climate, with hot summers and cool winters. Pakistan averages only about 10 inches (25 centimeters) of rain a year. Long dry spells may be broken by severe rainstorms that cause rivers to overflow and flood the countryside.
Form of government: Federal republic.
Head of state: President.
Head of government: Prime minister.
Legislature: Parliament of two houses—the National Assembly and the Senate.
Flag and coat of arms: Pakistan's flag has a star and crescent, the traditional symbols of Islam, on a green background. Green stands for the nation's Muslim majority. A vertical white stripe is on the left of the flag. A wreath of narcissus, the national flower, encircles a shield on the Pakistani coat of arms.
Executive: Prime minister and president each have some executive powers.
Judiciary: Highest court is the Supreme Court.
Political subdivisions: Four provinces and the Capital Territory of Islamabad.
Population: Current estimate—167,947,000; 1998 census—132,352,279.
Population density: 546 per mi2 (211 km2).
Distribution: 65 percent rural, 35 percent urban.
Major ethnic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (or Pakhtun), Baluchi, and Muhajir.
Major religions: 77 percent Sunni Muslim, 20 percent Shite Muslim, 3 percent other, including Christian and Hindu.
Chief products: Agriculture—wheat, cotton, rice, sugar cane, milk, chickpeas. Manufacturing—cotton textiles and clothing, food products, fertilizer, steel, cement. Mining—natural gas, petroleum.
Money: Basic unit—Pakistani rupee. One hundred paise equal one rupee.
Foreign trade: Major exports—textiles, including garments, cotton cloth, and yarn; agricultural products; leather goods; and carpets. Major imports—petroleum goods, machinery, transportation equipment, and chemicals. Major trading partners—United States, United Kingdom, Japan, Germany, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
- 1 decade ago
The geography of Pakistan (Urdu: جغرافیہ پاکِستان) is a profound blend of landscapes varying from plains to deserts, forests, hills, and plateaus ranging from the coastal areas of the Arabian Sea in the south to the mountains of the Karakoram range in the north. Pakistan geologically overlaps both with the Indian and the Eurasian tectonic plates where its Sindh and Punjab provinces lie on the north-western corner of the Indian plate while Balochistan and most of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa lie within the Eurasian plate which mainly comprises the Iranian plateau, some parts of the Middle East and Central Asia. The Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir lie mainly in Central Asia along the edge of the Indian plate and hence are prone to violent earthquakes where the two tectonic plates collide.
Politics of Pakistan (Urdu: سیاست پھؤدی پاکِستان ) has taken place in the framework of a federal republic, where the system of government has at times been parliamentary, presidential, or semi-presidential. In the current parliamentary system, the President of Pakistan is the largely-ceremonial head of state, the Prime Minister is head of government, and there is a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is largely vested in the Parliament.
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- 1 decade ago
1) south asia with china in north india in east iran in south west and afghanistan to its north east and arabian sea in south therefore it has a high strategic value
2)government is stable although ppl of Pakistan dont like their government also its politics influence afghanistan
3) ice capped mountains in north(Himalayas and Hindukush) plains in east and south (punjab and sindh) desert in west and extreame east (thar and balochistan) and mountains in northwest (tribal areas and NWFP)
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- 1 decade ago
- ShivaLv 61 decade ago