Why was a war fought in the Philippines after the defeat of the Spanish?
- 9 years agoBest Answer
Yes, although it's gone down the Memory Hole here in the USA, there was a major war fought in the Philippines by the US starting in 1898. The last big battle (really a massacre) was in 1913; the Battle of Bud Bagsak.
The early phase of the war was directed against the Filipino fighters who had fought the Spanish, before US forces arrived. One of the main Filipino leaders, then, was the "Boy General" Emilio Aguinaldo. After his treacherous capture by American troops at a parley, the war became one of counter-insurgency.
The later stage was extremely brutal, including genocide carried out on the island of Samar, where General "Howling Jake" Smith gave the order to kill everyone on the island over the age of 10.
Other American generals involved in the war included: "Black Jack" Pershing; Leonard Wood and Arthur MacArthur (dad of Douglas MacArthur).
There was, also, a conquest of the Moro (Muslim) lands of the southern Philippines, which the Spanish were unable to conqueror, despite fighting them for over 300 years. Again, a very brutal affair, in which a great deal of the Muslim population was massacred. (They, by the way, are still fighting American troops deployed there.) This part of the war is usually called: The Moro War, or "Moro Rebellion."
It was a horrifying war, killing hundreds of thousands of Filipinos. Some historians claim, however, that as many as 3 million were killed or died as a consequence of the invasion, altogether.
I once spoke to a Filipino lady, who told me that when she was a little girl, that many of the older people still woke up screaming in the middle of the night, recalling the horrors in their dreams.
There are many similarities between this war and the war in Iraq (torture, etc). Also, it was very like the Vietnam War in many respects.
A 1939 film was made about the Moro War called "The Real Glory" starring Gary Cooper (the Harrison Ford of his day). It's about as offensive and inaccurate as John Wayne's "Green Berets", but considered a good action film, if you like that sort of thing.
If you're curious to read up on this war, check Renato Constantino's books. Also, Vic Hurley's books (_Swish of the Kris_ and _Jungle Patrol_), though not up to the standard of professional historians, are an excellent source.Source(s): I'm a History major and researched the war for a year, producing a huge research paper for an independent study. Here's some links: The Battle of Bud Bagsak: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Bud_Bagsak Some of Mark Twain's essays on the war: http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/twain.html Vic Hurley's _Swish of the Kris_: http://www.scribd.com/doc/21052988/Swish-of-the-Kr...
- 9 years ago
the war is called Philippine-American war, it started when an American soldier William Grayson shot a Filipino soldier crossing the bridge he is guarding, and it started the whole war and many Filipinos fought for it because the don't want the country become a colony of US and it is the second engagement of the Philippine Army and they have lost some of their famous generals including General Gregorio Del Pilar, he was killed in the Battle of Tirad Pass that became a scandal because the dead Filipino soldiers were being robbed and left naked without being buried,but the later years of the American colonization of the Philippines became peaceful and the Philippines are still one of the major allies of the US in southeast AsiaSource(s): I'm a Filipino