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MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the term or phrase. ____?


In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the

term or phrase.

______ 1. practice of growing, breeding, and caring for

plants and animals used for a variety of


______ 2. study of how living things interact with each

other and with their nonliving environments

______ 3. conflict between short-term interests of

individuals and long-term welfare of society

______ 4. declining number and variety of the species

in an area

______ 5. study of how humans interact with the


______ 6. law describing the relationship between an

item’s availability and its value.

______ 7. characterized by low population growth rate,

high life expectancy, and diverse industrial


______ 8. characterized by high population growth rate,

low energy use, and very low personal wealth

______ 9. state in which a human population can survive


______10. natural material that can be replaced relatively

quickly through natural processes


In the space provided, write the letter of the term or

phrase that best completes each statement or best answers each question.

______11. Which of the following sciences contribute to the field of environmental


a. physics and chemistry c. social sciences

b. biology and earth science d. all of the above

Name Class Date

Concept Review

Skills Worksheet

a. loss of biodiversity

b. supply and demand

c. “The Tragedy of the


d. agriculture

e. developed nation

f. environmental


g. ecology

h. developing nation

i. renewable resource

j. sustainability

Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

Holt Environmental Science 2 Science and the Environment

Name Class Date

Concept Review continued

______12. All of the following make up the three major categories of environmental

problems except

a. loss of biodiversity. c. resource depletion.

b. overpopulation. d. pollution.

______13. During the period of human history known as the , human

populations grew rapidly because of advances in farming methods.

a. Industrial Revolution c. “Tragedy of the Commons”

b. agricultural revolution d. hunter-gatherer period

______14. Which major changes in human society and the environment occurred

during the Industrial Revolution?

a. People lived in small tribes; many mammals went extinct.

b. Domesticated plants were altered; forest was replaced with farmland.

c. Fossil fuel consumption, technological efficiency, and environmental

pollution increased.

d. Common grazing areas were replaced with closed fields.

______15. What did hunter-gatherers do to alter the environment?

a. introduce plants to new c. burn prairie to maintain

regions grassland

b. overhunt large mammals d. all of the above

______16. Developed nations make up about percent of the world’s

population and consume about percent of its resources.

a. 20, 75 c. 75, 20

b. 50, 75 d. 75, 50

______ 17. Hardin’s “Tragedy of the Commons” essay addressed the conflicts

associated with which environmental challenge?

a. preventing pollution c. curbing overpopulation

b. preserving biodiversity d. protecting shared resources

______18. The ecological footprint for a person in a particular country takes into

account what requirements of supporting that individual?

a. land used for crops c. forest area that absorbs pollution

b. land taken up by housing d. all of the above

______19. Attempts to create a sustainable society strive to achieve what?

a. greater resource consumption c. negative population growth

b. stable resource consumption d. restrictions on technology

______20. A cost-benefit analysis balances the cost of an action against

a. those who benefit from the action.

b. those who perform the analysis.

c. what consumers and taxpayers are willing to pay.

d. the benefits one expects to receive.

1 Answer

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    A lot of this is general knowledge. The rest you can find by Googling it or using an online dictionary or thesaurus.

    Do you really need us to do your homework for you. You learn more by doing it yourself.

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