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MATCHING In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the term or phrase. ____?
In the space provided, write the letter of the description that best matches the
term or phrase.
______ 1. practice of growing, breeding, and caring for
plants and animals used for a variety of
______ 2. study of how living things interact with each
other and with their nonliving environments
______ 3. conflict between short-term interests of
individuals and long-term welfare of society
______ 4. declining number and variety of the species
in an area
______ 5. study of how humans interact with the
______ 6. law describing the relationship between an
item’s availability and its value.
______ 7. characterized by low population growth rate,
high life expectancy, and diverse industrial
______ 8. characterized by high population growth rate,
low energy use, and very low personal wealth
______ 9. state in which a human population can survive
______10. natural material that can be replaced relatively
quickly through natural processes
In the space provided, write the letter of the term or
phrase that best completes each statement or best answers each question.
______11. Which of the following sciences contribute to the field of environmental
a. physics and chemistry c. social sciences
b. biology and earth science d. all of the above
Name Class Date
a. loss of biodiversity
b. supply and demand
c. “The Tragedy of the
e. developed nation
h. developing nation
i. renewable resource
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt Environmental Science 2 Science and the Environment
Name Class Date
Concept Review continued
______12. All of the following make up the three major categories of environmental
a. loss of biodiversity. c. resource depletion.
b. overpopulation. d. pollution.
______13. During the period of human history known as the , human
populations grew rapidly because of advances in farming methods.
a. Industrial Revolution c. “Tragedy of the Commons”
b. agricultural revolution d. hunter-gatherer period
______14. Which major changes in human society and the environment occurred
during the Industrial Revolution?
a. People lived in small tribes; many mammals went extinct.
b. Domesticated plants were altered; forest was replaced with farmland.
c. Fossil fuel consumption, technological efficiency, and environmental
d. Common grazing areas were replaced with closed fields.
______15. What did hunter-gatherers do to alter the environment?
a. introduce plants to new c. burn prairie to maintain
b. overhunt large mammals d. all of the above
______16. Developed nations make up about percent of the world’s
population and consume about percent of its resources.
a. 20, 75 c. 75, 20
b. 50, 75 d. 75, 50
______ 17. Hardin’s “Tragedy of the Commons” essay addressed the conflicts
associated with which environmental challenge?
a. preventing pollution c. curbing overpopulation
b. preserving biodiversity d. protecting shared resources
______18. The ecological footprint for a person in a particular country takes into
account what requirements of supporting that individual?
a. land used for crops c. forest area that absorbs pollution
b. land taken up by housing d. all of the above
______19. Attempts to create a sustainable society strive to achieve what?
a. greater resource consumption c. negative population growth
b. stable resource consumption d. restrictions on technology
______20. A cost-benefit analysis balances the cost of an action against
a. those who benefit from the action.
b. those who perform the analysis.
c. what consumers and taxpayers are willing to pay.
d. the benefits one expects to receive.
- crrllpmLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
A lot of this is general knowledge. The rest you can find by Googling it or using an online dictionary or thesaurus.
Do you really need us to do your homework for you. You learn more by doing it yourself.