小吉 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

一些文法<關係詞>的問題

1.(D) He's the greatest athlete _ ever won seven gold medals in the Olympic Games. (A)who (B)which (C)what (D)that

2.(B) I know his father _ lives in America now. (A)whom (B), who (C)who (D)that

3.(A) The conditions _ these fine works were credited were usually of a most difficult kind.(A)under with (B)of which (C)on which (D)to which

4.(C) Who _ has read Shakespeare's beautiful peoms can forget their fascination? (A)whom (B)who (C)that (D)which

5.(D) He is _ is called a walking dictionary.

Update:

5.選項 (A)which (B)that (C)who (D)what

麻煩幫我解析這5題 謝謝!

2 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.(D) He's the greatest athlete _ ever won seven gold medals in the Olympic Games. (A)who (B)which (C)what (D)that

    [說明]形容詞子句為限定功能時,應用關係代名詞that來引領。

    2.(B) I know his father _ lives in America now. (A)whom (B), who (C)who (D)that

    [說明]父親是唯一的,應用非限定的形容詞子句修飾,所以要用加上逗號的who來帶領。

    3.(A) The conditions _ these fine works were credited were usually of a most difficult kind.(A)under which (B)of which (C)on which (D)to which

    [說明]關係代名詞前面搭配的介系詞係由子句動詞及其受詞的關係來決定。to credit fine works under xxx conditions。所以要選有under的。

    which = xxx conditions

    4.(C) Who _ has read Shakespeare's beautiful peoms can forget their fascination? (A)whom (B)who (C)that (D)which

    [說明]這裡的形容詞子句也是屬限定的,所以要用that來帶領。

    5.(D) He is _ is called a walking dictionary.

    (A)which (B)that (C)who (D)what

    [說明]主動句People call him a walking dictionary.的a walking dicitonary是受詞補語

    He is called a walking dictionary.改被動句後,受詞補語留在原位。

    he = a walking dictionary = something = what

    用what取代he,帶出一個名詞子句當新句子的主詞補語。

    He is something.的something是主詞補語

    2010-08-29 19:50:56 補充:

    Something is a walking dictionary.

  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    1.(D) He's the greatest athlete _ ever won seven gold medals in the Olympic Games. (A)who (B)which (C)what (D)that

    解析: 先行詞有最高級形容詞修飾時, 關代只能用that, 故(D)為正解.

    2.(B) I know his father _ lives in America now. (A)whom (B), who (C)who (D)that

    解析: 父親只會有一個, 所以修飾父親的關係子句必須用"非限定"用法, 也就是說, 關代前面必須有逗號, 故(B)為正解.

    3.(A) The conditions _ these fine works were credited were usually of a most difficult kind.(A)under with (B)of which (C)on which (D)to which

    解析: 這些(作品)被譽為完美作品所根據的條件通常是最嚴苛的一類.

    under which: 完美作品所根據來讚譽的條件.........OK

    of which: 這些完美作品被譽為的某條件....... (怪)

    on which: 這些完美作品被讚譽的限制條件....... (怪)

    to which: 這些完美作品被歸功於的這些條件....... (怪)

    由以上可以判斷, (A)最符合語意邏輯.

    4.(C) Who _ has read Shakespeare's beautiful peoms can forget their fascination? (A)whom (B)who (C)that (D)which

    疑問詞Wh- 同句內的關代, 不再用Wh-關代, 而一律用that, 故(C)為正解.

    5.(D) He is _ is called a walking dictionary.

    (A)which (B)that (C)who (D)what

    the one + that/which/who = what, 故(D)為正解.

    Source(s): 母語非為英語者, 文法應下足功夫, 否則不可能學好英文.
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