CBH asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

請問這句話的文法結構

In this type of writing, students must write about the ways the information they heard relates to the information they read.

must後接第一個動詞為write 那relates是省略了什麼或是它是屬於誰的子句

Update:

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4 Answers

Rating
  • 羅莉
    Lv 7
    9 years ago
    Best Answer

    In this type of writing, students must write about the ways (how) the information they heard relates to the information they read.

    就這個寫作類型而言, 學生們必須寫出有關他們所聽到的資訊如何與他們所讀到的資訊相關的種種方式.

    the ways後面有一個省略的關副how, 引導一個the ways的同位語子句

    這個子句的主詞是the information they heard, 動詞是relates to, 受詞是the information they read.

    relates旁沒有省略任何字.

    2010-08-28 13:19:43 補充:

    how = in which 或 by which

    2010-08-29 09:18:09 補充:

    the way how或the ways how一般使用the way(s)或how二者之一即可, 但不省略也不算錯誤, 只是較為redundant而已.

    解釋文法結構時, 需要把二者都放回去, 說明比較清楚.

    Source(s): 母語非為英語者, 文法應下足功夫, 否則不可能學好英文.
  • Latte
    Lv 5
    9 years ago

    In this type of writing, students must write about the ways the information they heard relates to the information they read.

    這個句子是一連串句子的減縮合併所形成

    可以拆解開來看

    In this type of writing , students must write about the ways.(how;or 省去)

    The ways they heard the information.--> 強調 the information調至句前

    ---> (The ways) the information they heard.

    ----->> In this type of writing , students must write about the ways (how) the

    information they heard.(關係代名詞:which 代表畫線句接下一個動詞 relates..

    It (=The ways they heard the information) relates(因為主詞為一件事;所以動

    詞為單數型+s) to the information .(接關係代名詞which...)

    They read the information.--->強調 the information 調至句前

    ----> The information they read.

    -------->> ~(which) relates to the information (which) they read.

    之後就是現在的句子

    In this type of writing, students must write about the ways the information

    they heard relates to the information they read.

    Source(s): myself
  • 晚風
    Lv 5
    9 years ago

    兩位都是對英文和文法研究極為深入的高手,值得請教。

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    In this type of writing, students must write about the ways (in which) the information (that) they heard relates to the information (that) they read.

    補上括號內的字就可以看清楚了.

    relates是屬於子句的動詞:the informaton relates to the information

    原句的 in which不應省去.兩個that則可省略

    2010-08-28 14:33:13 補充:

    更正:現在少用the way + how,一般用how,或用the way。所以這句只用the ways是正確的。可以不必加上in which。例句:That is the way it happened. 參見遠東新世紀英漢辭典how的用法B1。

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