J asked in 社會與文化語言 · 10 years ago

兩題國中英文文法的問題!

請教各位先進兩題國中英文文法的問題!

1.There was nowhere _____from the rain.

(A)hide

(B)hiding

(C)hidden

(D)to hind

答案是D

2.Jill, Ellen, Bob and Edward were good friends _____ near a lake.

(A)to live

(B)live

(C)living

(D)lived

答案是C

=================

1.為何答案是如此?

2.句子是什麼時態?

感謝囉!

2 Answers

Rating
  • 10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.There was nowhere _____from the rain.

    hide from(片)躲避

    There was nowhere (to hide from the rain).

    括弧部分是(不定詞片語)作 後位修飾 修飾前面的nowhere, 用to hide 有表目的的意味(in order) to 省略in order + to原動 有表目的,為了....的意思。

    2.Jill, Ellen, Bob and Edward were good friends _____ near a lake.

    此句完整的寫法是:

    Jill, Ellen, Bob and Edward were good friends(who lived near a lake.)

    括弧部分是關係子句作 後位修飾 修飾good friends 意思是Jill....是住在湖附近的好朋友。而關係子句也有簡化寫法:當省略關係代名詞(who)時,動詞部分要改為V-ing(現在分詞)後面就形成了(現在分詞構句)作後位修飾當形容詞片語用。

    而用lived則是在被動式時用:例如

    The house(which was lived by us) was white.被我們住的房子是白色的。

    此句可以簡化成: The house (lived by us) was white.此時,省略關係代名詞(which)時,有be動詞部分要一起省略剩下pp.(過去分詞),就形成了(過去分詞構句)作後位修飾當形容詞片語用。

    所以,注意選lived並不是代表過去式,而是有被動的意思。

    2010-08-26 20:29:27 補充:

    嗯嗯,曉華謝謝你的指正,你的改正是正確的,我沒注意到!

    Source(s): myself
    • Login to reply the answers
  • 10 years ago

    dear colorpig live這個字是不及物動詞 怎麼能改成被動語態呢 您前面解釋都很棒

    2010-08-25 09:37:13 補充:

    we lived in that house 後面的片語是地方副詞片語 修飾liwed 片語中house則是介詞in的受詞 如果可以改成被動語態 the house was lived by us

    那he stood on the table 豈不是可改成the table was stood by him.

    they went to tainan 豈不是可改成 tainan was gone by them.

    不及物動詞不能改成被動語態喔

    您的例句the house in which we lived was white 或the house where we lived was white 才對

    • Login to reply the answers
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.