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Canada's Army After WW1?
The Canadians were ultimately the elite and best fighting force in WW1 that spearheaded the Allie's attack. After WW1 what happened to the Canadian army? How come they weren't as known in WW2? Or am I incorrect?
- joe tLv 51 decade agoFavorite Answer
Canada played a greater role in WW2 them hey did in WW1.
Canada had a beach in Normandy, Played a major role in the advance after the beach landing and aided in the destruction of the German 7th army in Falaise pocket. The Canadians also had a major role in the liberation of Holland and were involved in the last major push into Germany in the Major Battle of the Rhineland. Unfortunately this battle has been seriously downplayed in the history books. This was Operation Veritable, unfortunately the wikipedia page is a mess.
Canada also played a major role in the landing and battle of Sicily and played a major role on the Adriatic advance with major battles at Monte Cassino and Ortona. The battle of the Atlantic and the Air War over Europe saw a massive contribution from Canada as well.
Sadly some history that has been written has ignored Canada's involvement and contribution. Especially with respect to Hollywood and written american history. Even such groups like the First Special Service Force aka the devil's brigade has been down played. This was a joint US Canadian elite force during WW2.
Canada force was not an elite force during the WW1, they were just well trained and determined, It was the fact that they were looked down upon by the British regular force and proved them selves that gave them a great reputation. The Canadians were a mixed multicultural bag that was stubborn in battle. They were willing to be creative in their approach on the battlefield which helped them win. This was not just at the soldiers level but even at the Canadian command level.
Below is the 1st Canadian Division, in WW 1, the size and nature of a WW1 division would not make them elite. and the Canadians had 5 divisions in total. Including cavalry, engineers, signals and artillery. That is over 65 infantry battalions.
1st Canadian Brigade:
1st Canadian Battalion (Ontario Regiment),
2nd Canadian Battalion (Eastern Ontario Regiment),
3rd Canadian Battalion (Toronto Regiment),
4th (Central Ontario) Battalion,
2nd Canadian Brigade:
5th Battalion (Western Cavalry),
6th Battalion, CEF.
7th Canadian Battalion (1st British Columbia),
8th Canadian Infantry Battalion (90th Regiment),
10th Battalion (Canadians),
3rd Canadian Brigade:
13th Battalion (Royal Highlanders of Canada),
14th Battalion (Royal Montreal Regiment), .
15th Canadian Battalion (48th Highlanders of Canada),
16th Canadian Battalion (The Canadian Scottish),
4th Canadian Brigade: Dispersed
9th Battalion, CEF.
10th Battalion (Canadians),
11th Battalion, CEF.
12th Battalion, CEF.
The Canadian fighting ability was about spirit, creativity and determination and little to do with being elite. The ANZAC's (Australians and New Zealanders) were similar with their battle field approach and determination.
After the War, that is 1918, Canada like the US and the UK disbanded many of their units due to cost and the fact that having a large army with no war to fight would be pointless. In 1918 to 1925 the US, Canada and Britain had no idea that WW2 was around the corner. When Germany attacked Poland in 1939 US, Canada and Britain had small land armies and had to build them back up. France as a WW1 allie was one of the few armies at that point that had continued to invest in a large force.
Canada did, in fact, played a role in World War II. Although not as important as in the First World War.
On Sunday, Dec 10, 1939 it was announced that Canada had declared war on Germany. At this time Canada had 16 modern light tanks, 4 anti aircraft guns and two anti-tank guns. The regular army consisted of a small but very well trained 5,000 soldiers, and the militia with 50,000 members, which was also very poorly equipped. They did play a minor part in the warfare in Europe. These include the African front, and European front. The Canadians also held important roles keeping German supply lines limited. Also, they had major roles in the invasion of France in 1944. The Canadians role in Italy was important. They helped take it in 1943 and stayed there until 1945.
Canada's is made up of mostly UK and French territories. And the Canadian Army still exist to this day. However at the time after WW1, the bulk of the Canadian army went on to join what is now the French Foreign Legion. I have actually trained with both forces when I was in the US Army.Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Foreign_Legion http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Forces