Who was Charles Taze Russell?
- Grey TowerLv 79 years agoBest Answer
1852 – Charles Taze Russell born 16 February, Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.
1872 – Founded the International Bible Students Association – Russell family re-baptised in 1874
1879 – Published first Watch Tower & Herald of Christ’s Presence in July
1881 – Formed Zion’s Watch Tower Tract Society and incorporated in 1884
1884 – Founded the Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society
1916 – Died on 31 October on a train in Pampa, Texas, U.S.A.
1917 – Joseph Franklin Rutherford appointed second President of WTBT Society
1918 – Division between Australian Bible Student movement and Jehovah’s Witnesses
1925 – Worldwide Memorial attendance approximately 90,000
1928 – Worldwide Memorial attendance approximately 20,000
1930 – 75% of original Bible Students left the Society
1931 – New name ‘Jehovah’s Witnesses’ adopted at Columbus, Ohio convention
Charles Taze Russell was born on 16 February, 1852, in Allegheny, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania and was raised as a Presbyterian Congregationalist. When he was 23 years old, he came under the influence of Adventists Nelson Barbour and William Miller. Russell founded the International Bible Students Association in 1872, published the first Watch Tower & Herald of Christ's Presence in July 1879 and formed Zion's Watch Tower Tract Society in 1881 (incorporated in 1884). He died on 31 October, 1916.
The official Jehovah's Witness view: "The modern history of Jehovah’s Witnesses began more than a hundred years ago. In the early 1870’s, a rather inconspicuous Bible study group began in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. which is now a part of Pittsburgh. Charles Taze Russell was the prime mover of the group. In July 1879, the first issue of the magazine Zion’s Watch Tower and Herald of Christ’s Presence appeared. By 1880 scores of congregations had spread from that one small Bible study into nearby states. In 1881 Zion’s Watch Tower Tract Society was formed, and in 1884 it was incorporated, with Russell as president. The Society’s name was later changed to Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society." Source: http://www.watchtower.org/e/jt/article_02.htm
Russell was obsessed with 'end-time' matters and chronology. "The Scriptural proof is that the second presence of the Lord Jesus Christ began in 1874 A.D." (Prophecy book, p 65) Studies in Scriptures (vol 2) 1888 pp 98-99 by Charles Taze Russell “Within the coming twenty-six years all present governments will be overthrown and dissolved… The full establishment of the Kingdom of God will be accomplished by the end of A.D. 1914” (In post-1914 editions of this publication, the phrase “by the end of A.D. 1914” was changed to “near the end of A.D. 1915".)
In a lengthy appendix to "Thy Kingdom Come", Russell had elaborated a theory that the Great Pyramid of Gizeh had been built under divine direction and that its dimensions, when interpreted on the basis that one inch represented one year, confirmed the chronology found in Scripture. Russell acknowledged that the theory had originated with a Robert Menzies, and received the endorsement of Professor C. Piazzi Smith, one-time Astronomer Royal for Scotland, for his exposition of the theory.
"One area of renewed interest was the Second Coming of our Lord. This gave birth to the Second Adventist movement (not to be confused with the Seventh Day Adventist movement). At that time the Christian world largely ignored this doctrine being almost exclusively Post Millenialist in its prophetic understanding. (The churches believed they would convert the world for Christ and then He would return). Renewed study of the scriptures regarding the second coming revived the historic Reformation doctrine of pre-millenialism. Thus premillenialism is a comparatively recent phenomenon. There is a direct line of heritage through the Second Adventist leaders to Pastor Charles Taze Russell. Pastor Russell was not the founder of the Jehovah's Witnesses. He was the founder of the Bible Students' Associations in the 1860s. In 1879 the Watch Tower publishing house was established by Charles Taze Russell. Following his death in 1916 Joseph Rutherford forcibly seized control of the Watch Tower. He dismissed the majority of the Board of Directors, began to instill a revisionist theology and established dictatorial authority. Within the first year of his takeover one fourth of the Bible Students left Rutherford and remained true to the teachings of the late Pastor Russell."
- 9 years ago
Here is a link to a jpeg file
- Sheltie LoverLv 79 years ago
Organizer of the group originally called "International Bible Students."
The Organization is now the "Watchtower Bible and Tract Society."
- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- ErnieLv 79 years ago
He was the founder of a cult called Mormonism.