? asked in Education & ReferenceWords & Wordplay · 1 decade ago

which is proper grammar?

I wanted to help my nephew be ready for when he returns to school by helping with his grammar but realized I am not to sure which is proper and which isn't here are some questions can you tell which is proper ty I put a x by the ones I think is right but I am not real sure

1. I called up the company to complain.

I called the company to complain. (x)

I had called the company to complain

2. Tim is a better writer then I

Tim is a better writer then me (x)

Tim is a better writer then myself

3. this is a great fundraiser (x)

this event is a great fundraiser

4. The green moss was most slippery when it was wet.

The green moss was the slipperiest when it was wet.(x)

The green moss was slipperyest when it was wet.

5.After taking the test, I felt awfully.

After taking the test, I felt badly.

After taking the test, I felt bad. (x)

6.Whom may I say is calling?

Who may I say is calling? (x)

Whose calling?

7.This condominium is the one which needs repairs.

This condominium is the one, which needs repairs.(x)

This condominium is the one that needs repairs.

8.Amir plans on giving the presentation tomorrow.(x)

Amir plans giving the presentation tomorrow.

Amir plans to give the presentation tomorrow.

9.When a gardener plants bulbs, they usually need a shovel.(x)

When gardeners plant bulbs, he or she usually needs shovels.

When a gardener plants bulbs, he or she usually needs a shovel.

10.I would like the name of the person who catered this wedding. (x)

I would like the name of the person whom catered this wedding.

I would like the name of the person that catered this wedding.

6 Answers

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  • Gary B
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. I called up the company to complain.

    I called the company to complain. (x)

    I had called the company to complain

    I'll agree with you here. The word "up" serves no purpose here. It would be different if you were calling up a mountain or down a valley. The "had called" tense only makes sense if there was another past action, and this action occurred before that one. I had called the company before I even noticed the other seven mistakes on the bill.

    2. Tim is a better writer then I

    Tim is a better writer then me (x)

    Tim is a better writer then myself

    I disagree. Here, "Tim" and "I" must have the same case. Tim is a better writer than I. I am a better programmer than Tim. By the way, "than" is for comparisons, "then" is for time or consequence.

    3. this is a great fundraiser (x)

    this event is a great fundraiser

    Here, I see no reason to prefer either. There isn't enough context provided. However, Cecilia may be right in her choice of "this event." When the pronoun has no clear antecedent, a noun is required.

    4. The green moss was most slippery when it was wet.

    The green moss was the slipperiest when it was wet.(x)

    The green moss was slipperyest when it was wet.

    I prefer the first. The "-er" and "-est" suffixes work with words of one or two syllables. As I pronounce it, "slippery" has three.

    5.After taking the test, I felt awfully.

    After taking the test, I felt badly.

    After taking the test, I felt bad. (x)

    I'll agree with you here. Both "awfully" and "badly" are adverbs, which would modify the verb "felt". That wouldn't be appropriate here. In this case, "felt" is used in an intransitive manner, acting as an expression of state of being. Some English grammars call such a construction a linking verb. The complement of a linking verb must be a noun or adjective. "Bad" is the only legitimate choice among these options.

    Sorry, Cecilia. I'll grant you number three, but not number five.

    6.Whom may I say is calling?

    Who may I say is calling? (x)

    Whose calling?

    I'll agree with you here. Subjective case is correct. After all, I might say she is calling. I might say he is calling. I would never say her is calling. I would never say hers is calling.

    Cecilia, thank you for taking note of this.

    By the way, "whose calling?" sounds correct, but it is not correct as written. When written as "Who's calling?" it is informal, but correct.

    7.This condominium is the one which needs repairs.

    This condominium is the one, which needs repairs.(x)

    This condominium is the one that needs repairs.

    I disagree. "Needs repairs" is restrictive here, so "that" is the preferred pronoun. Restrictive clauses do not employ commas.

    8.Amir plans on giving the presentation tomorrow.(x)

    Amir plans giving the presentation tomorrow.

    Amir plans to give the presentation tomorrow.

    I disagree. It is better "to give" than "on giving". You can plan to do something yourself; you can plan for something you don't do yourself. I have no idea what it means to plan on something.

    9.When a gardener plants bulbs, they usually need a shovel.(x)

    When gardeners plant bulbs, he or she usually needs shovels.

    When a gardener plants bulbs, he or she usually needs a shovel.

    I disagree. If there is one gardener in the beginning of the sentence, there should be only one at the end. "Gardener" agrees with "he" or "she"; "gardeners" agrees with "they".

    10.I would like the name of the person who catered this wedding. (x)

    I would like the name of the person whom catered this wedding.

    I would like the name of the person that catered this wedding.

    I disagree. Again, we have a restrictive clause. "That" is preferred.

  • 1 decade ago

    Number 1 is right - the rest I've indicated which is the correct option, and if the one you picked is arguable, I left it in, with explanation.

    2. Tim is a better writer then I

    - first, it should be "than" not "then

    - it should be "I" at the end because there is an implied "am" after it. He is a better writer than I (am).

    3.

    this event is a great fundraiser

    - this one kind of depends on what skill the activity is going for - whether it's focusing on pronouns or adjectives

    the one you picked would be ok in casual conversation, but you should avoid using a demonstrative pronoun without a noun in formal writing. In this case, "this" is a demonstrative pronoun acting as an adjective

    4. The green moss was most slippery when it was wet.

    - slipperiest is not a word according to the Oxford English Dictionary

    5.

    After taking the test, I felt badly.

    After taking the test, I felt bad. (x)

    - most people would say it the way you have it, but technically "badly" is correct because it is an adverb here (modifying "felt"), and "bad" is the adjective form (which should not be used to modify the verb)

    6.Whom may I say is calling?

    "whom" is the object of the verb say. "Who" is supposed to be used as a subject. That doesn't work here, because "I" is the subject of the verb say.

    7.

    This condominium is the one that needs repairs.

    You should use "that" here because the information about needing repairs is essential information. If it was not essential, you could use which - like this:

    This condominium, which has a red door, is the one that needs repairs.

    8.

    Amir plans to give the presentation tomorrow.

    The others are informal and not strictly correct.

    9.

    When a gardener plants bulbs, he or she usually needs a shovel.

    Gardener is singular, so it has to have a singular pronoun (he or she), not a plural pronoun like "they." You could change it to "When gardeners plant bulbs, they usually need a shovel." but this is the only correct option of the three.

    10.I would like the name of the person who catered this wedding. (x)

    I would like the name of the person that catered this wedding.

    - the one you picked is how most people would say it, but technically, this is like #7 - who and which are used for non-essential information, after a comma, while 'that' is used for essential information, without a comma (even for people!). So here, it should be 'that catered.'

    Gary - I'll stand corrected for 6 if you'll see your error in 5.

    Source(s): English teacher - I know the difference between common usage and what the rules actually say :)
  • 1 decade ago

    1. I called up the company to complain.

    XI called the company to complain. (x)

    I had called the company to complain

    2. Tim is a better writer then I

    XTim is a better writer then me (x)

    Tim is a better writer then myself

    3. Xthis is a great fundraiser (x)

    This event is a great fundraiser

    4. XThe green moss was most slippery when it was wet.

    The green moss was the slipperiest when it was wet.(x)

    The green moss was slipperyest when it was wet.

    5.After taking the test, I felt awfully.

    After taking the test, I felt badly.

    XAfter taking the test, I felt bad. (x)

    6.Whom may I say is calling?

    XWho may I say is calling? (x)

    Whose calling?

    7.This condominium is the one which needs repairs.

    This condominium is the one, which needs repairs.(x)

    XThis condominium is the one that needs repairs.

    8.Amir plans on giving the presentation tomorrow.(x)

    Amir plans giving the presentation tomorrow.

    XAmir plans to give the presentation tomorrow.

    9.When a gardener plants bulbs, they usually need a shovel.(x)

    When gardeners plant bulbs, he or she usually needs shovels.

    XWhen a gardener plants bulbs, he or she usually needs a shovel.

    10X.I would like the name of the person who catered this wedding. (x)

    I would like the name of the person whom catered this wedding.

    I would like the name of the person that catered this wedding.

    Source(s): intuition /well English is my 3rd language.
  • tichur
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    You got a possible 50%

    1...x

    2...They're all wrong! "then" should be "than." The correct one is your choice with the spelling change

    3...could be x but the other choice is better

    4...The green moss was most slippery when it was wet.

    5...x

    6...Whom may I say is calling?...tricky

    7...This condominium is the one which needs repairs. OR This condominium is the one that needs repairs.

    8... Amir plans to give the presentation tomorrow.

    9...When a gardener plants bulbs, he or she usually needs a shovel.

    10...x

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  • roper
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    Who Is Calling Whom Grammar

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    1. all of them are correct grammatically, the one you choose would depend on your intended meaning.

    2. all of them are wrong, it's than, not then. otherwise, the first one is really correct, but the error in the 2nd one has become colloquial, so that's generally accepted as well.

    3. they're both correct.

    4. the first one is correct.

    5. the last one

    6. the 2nd one

    7. the last one. no need for a comma here. and the use of which in the first one implies a comparison that hasn't been made in this sentence.

    8. the first one

    9. the last one. this is another case of an error being so commonly made it becomes colloquial, but technically, a gardener is singular, and they is plural.

    10. the first one.

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