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小朱 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法QUESTION

The government says these picture handed out last month prove there are armed elements among the protesters trying to foment a civil war.

請問上具

1. 中文翻譯

2. 為何try 可以用 -ing. 是文法中何種用法

3. 如果是進行式(are......trying)為何中間可以有放這麼多字

Thanks.

1 Answer

Rating
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    The government says (that) these pictures handed out last month prove (that) there are armed elements among the protesters (who are) trying to foment a civil war.

    1. 中文翻譯

    政府說這些上個月發出的圖片,證明在試圖煽動內戰的抗議人群之間,有些人身持槍械。

    2. 為何try 可以用 -ing. 是文法中何種用法

    trying 這裡是分詞,與 to foment a civil war 構成分詞片語,以形容詞特性修飾 the protesters。也可以將之看成省略了關係代名詞以及動詞 (who are) 的形容詞子句。

    3. 如果是進行式(are......trying)為何中間可以有放這麼多字

    這句是現在簡單式,主要動詞為 says,(that) 之後全部總稱為名詞子句,當作及物動詞 says 的受詞。

    以上有非正式地省略掉兩個 that,兩者都用來帶領各自的名詞子句 ("that these pictures..." 及 "that there are..."),建議以後都將之保留,以避免文意模糊。

    Source(s): 在美留學經驗(8+年)
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