飽飽 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 9 years ago

請幫忙翻譯文章(不要翻譯軟體)感謝

This article provides an overview of the existing literature on how program outcomes are achieved. It is divided into

categories of program characteristics that the literature suggests contribute to program outcomes, including: the physical

environment, activities, processing, the group, instructors, and the participant. Outcomes referred to throughout the article

are those generally associated with adventure education programs, such as increases in participants’ self-concepts and

interpersonal skills. The reviewed literature indicates that the current understanding of how adventure education program

outcomes are achieved is based largely on theory, rather than on empirical research. Further research could provide

adventure educators with a better understanding of why programs work and enable them to tailor programs to increase

their effectiveness. Before quantitative methods can become useful in an examination of how outcomes are achieved, it

seems necessary to use qualitative methods to inductively discover all the program characteristics that are possibly affecting

the outcomes experienced by participants.

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  • 9 years ago
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    This article provides an overview of the existing literature on how program outcomes are achieved. It is divided into

    categories of program characteristics that the literature suggests contribute to program outcomes, including: the physical

    environment, activities, processing, the group, instructors, and the participant. Outcomes referred to throughout the article

    are those generally associated with adventure education programs, such as increases in participants’ self-concepts and

    interpersonal skills.

    本文提供了一個概述現有文獻對方案的結果是如何取得的。它分為

    分類方案的特點,該文獻建議有助於計劃成果,包括:物理

    環境,活動,加工,組,教師和參與者。成果在整個文章提到

    是那些通常與冒險教育方案,如增加參與者的自我概念和

    人際技巧。

    The reviewed literature indicates that the current understanding of how adventure education program

    outcomes are achieved is based largely on theory, rather than on empirical research. Further research could provide

    adventure educators with a better understanding of why programs work and enable them to tailor programs to increase

    their effectiveness. Before quantitative methods can become useful in an examination of how outcomes are achieved, it

    seems necessary to use qualitative methods to inductively discover all the program characteristics that are possibly affecting

    the outcomes experienced by participants. 回顧文獻顯示,目前了解如何探索教育計劃

    取得的成果主要是根據理論,而不是實證研究。進一步的研究能夠提供

    與冒險教育工作者更好地理解為什麼方案的工作,使他們度身訂造方案,以提高

    其效力。前定量方法可以成為有用的考試結果是如何取得的成績,

    似乎有必要使用定性方法電感發現所有的方案都可能影響特點

    結果所經歷的參與者。

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