Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

Were Charles II and James II pissed that their dad, Charles I, was killed?

Did they want to get the mo fo's that did it, or did they have to act all politically astute and leave the perps alone because they didn't want the same thing to happen to them?

2 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
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    Charles II was indeed extremely annoyed. He had been forced from his native country and he and and his brother James had been forced to rely on the charity of the French court (which would later store up problems due to the effect this court had upon James) leaving both of them somewhat irked.

    In August 1660, following the Restoration of Charles II, the Act of Indemnity and Oblivion was passed as a gesture of reconciliation to reunite the kingdom. A free pardon was granted to everyone who had supported the Commonwealth and Protectorate under Oliver Cromwell, but exceptions were made for those who had directly participated in the trial and execution of king Charles I in 1649. A special court was appointed in October 1660 and the Regicides that were in custody were brought to trial. Ten were condemned to death and publicly hanged, drawn and quartered at Charing Cross or Tyburn, London, in October 1660: Thomas Harrison, John Jones, Adrian Scrope, John Carew, Thomas Scot, and Gregory Clement, who had signed the king's death warrant; the preacher Hugh Peter; Francis Hacker and Daniel Axtell, who commanded the guards at the King's trial and execution; and John Cook, the lawyer who had directed the prosecution. A further nineteen were imprisoned for life.

    All the Regicides who had died before the Restoration were posthumously attainted for high treason and their property was confiscated. In January 1661, the corpses of Oliver Cromwell, Henry Ireton and John Bradshaw were exhumed and hanged in their shrouds at Tyburn before their skulls were impaled at Westminster Hall.

    Twenty Regicides fled to Europe or to America. George Downing (1623-84), formerly Cromwell's director of military intelligence, tracked down and arrested three of them: John Barkstead, John Okey and Miles Corbet, who were extradited from the Netherlands and executed in April 1662. John Lisle was murdered by a royalist at Lausanne in Switzerland in 1664. The last survivor of the regicides was probably Edmund Ludlow, who died at Vevey, Switzerland, in 1692. The identity of the executioner who beheaded the king was never discovered.

    Charles II was quite politically astute and had the ability to read public opinion far better than his father (and later his brother) ever did, which is one of the reasons why he only settled his "vengance" upon the 59 men who had signed his fathers death warrant, be they living or dead. But in all honesty, the English were so pleased to see the back of the dour and depressing Puritan regime that they had been forced to live under for the past 11 years, Charles could have gone alot further and there would barely have been a complaint. But he wisely understood that he needed the people on his side, so with his re-opening of the inns, pubs, theatres, whore-houses and all forms of entertainment that had been closed by the religious zealots, he earned himself the popular title "the merry monarch".

  • 1 decade ago

    They had quite a few of the members of Parliament who voted for Charles I's execution imprisoned, tried and executed. Others were simply tried and imprisoned, and others fled the country. Some of them were not tried or imprisoned.

    Yes, Charles II and James II were perturbed that their father was killed. Their royal power was significantly reduced from that of the House of Tudor, but they maintained enough power to be deadly enemies of their opponents.

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