pig asked in 社會與文化語言 · 10 years ago

英文達人請進~

1. The peasant farmers ______ till the Nile delta still work in the ancient ways of their ancestors.

(A)which (B)who (C)whom (D)in which

2.Only six train stops away from Taipei ______,an industrial city with three major universities and other smaller colleges.

(A)the city of Chungli lies there (B)lies the city of Chungli

(C)do lie the city of Chungli (D)where the city of Chungli lies

這兩題我都看不太懂,可以幫我翻譯嗎?

第一題 "______ till the Nile delta" 裡面不需要有動詞嗎?

第二題 lie 跟 stop 算兩個動詞吧?

一個句子不是只能有一個動詞@@

先說聲謝謝你們囉~

3 Answers

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  • Anonymous
    10 years ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. The peasant farmers who (B) till the Nile delta still work in the ancient ways of their ancestors.

    (中譯:在奈爾三角洲耕種的農夫仍用他們的祖先的方法工作。)

    這一題不難,lary301***也快速地解釋了,答案是B,在此就個別做用法解析。

    以上選項均以關係代名詞運用,用法如下:

    (A)代替不是"人"的主格或受格上。例:

    He owns a bike which was made in Poland. (主;先行詞 bike 是一件物品,故用 which)

    The book, which is my favorite, is on the shelf. (主)

    Taiwan has a lot of mosquitoes which everyone hates. (被,後半段單獨成立時寫成 "Everyone hates mosquitoes.")(B)代替是"人"的主格上。例:

    He is a man who never lies.

    Every teacher likes John, who is very smart.(C)代替是"人"的受格上。例:

    He is a man whom everyone loves.

    (我們可以將之拆成兩句來看:He is a man. Everyone loves him. 其中劃線的名詞為同位語,而 him 為第二句的受格,故使用 whom 將兩句併合)(D)是(A)的形容詞子句的動詞有介係詞的時候,比較特殊的用法,參考此句:

    The house which we live is very large. (X)

    這裡 which = The house. 將 which we live 拿出來獨自成立的話,就變成 "We live this house." 因為 live 這裡是不及物動詞,一定要加受詞的話,後面要加介係詞,故此句應為: "We live in this house." 而原句則成為:

    The house (which) we live in is very large. (which 在此可省略)

    而將介係詞放在關係代名詞前面,是正確的用法:

    The house in which we live in is very large. (介係詞在前面時,which 就不可省略)相關問題:

    "______ till the Nile delta" 裡面不需要有動詞嗎?

    A: 需要,且 till 是此子句動詞。相信你也知道此子句因由關係代名詞引導,故為形容詞子句,用以修飾前面的名詞 (peasant farmers)。我們通常看到的 till 是以介係詞用,與 until 同義:

    She will not come home till/until tomorrow.

    可是這裡的 till 以另一個意思當(及物)動詞用,表耕種、耕田的意思。

    The farmers till the wheat field.

    2. Only six train stops away from Taipei lies the city of Chungli (B), an industrial city with three major universities and other smaller colleges.

    (中譯:離台北僅僅六站的是中壢市,一個有三家主要大學以及其他規模較小的大學的工業區城市。)

    這一題相對之下就比較複雜了,在此將前半句分類比較容易解釋。

    Only six train stops away from Taipei lies the city of Chungli.

    主詞補語[Complement, C] + (不及物)動詞[Verb, V] + 主詞[Subject, S]

    這題採用的是倒裝句構,以上主詞補語修飾 "the city of Chungli",且為地方副詞片語。參考以下例句:

    A man stands there.

    There stands a man. (There 為地方副詞)

    Some houses are over the hill.

    Over the hill are some houses. (Over the hill 為地方副詞片語)

    2010-07-24 15:48:01 補充:

    此類倒裝句構注意事項有兩個:

    1. 若主詞為代名詞,不可使用倒裝句(但地方副詞仍可置於句首)

    He stood there. (原)

    There stood he. (X)

    There he stood. (O)

    2. 地方副詞片語不宜置於句首

    He stood in front of the house. (原)

    In front of the house he stood. (劣)

    2010-07-24 15:48:17 補充:

    此外,現在你知道倒裝句的結構,就知道中間的動詞需要跟緊接在後的主詞主述一致。例:

    Under the tree __ two mushrooms.

    此時如果用be動詞填充,一定要填 are 而非 is,因為主詞不是前面的樹,而是後面的兩個蘑菇。

    相關問題:

    第二題 lie 跟 stop 算兩個動詞吧?一個句子不是只能有一個動詞@@

    A: 參考鬼才的發言;stop 是名詞而非動詞。

    2010-07-24 15:49:35 補充:

    字數超過上限,附加內容補充到意見區

    Source(s): 常春藤賴氏英文文法,以及在美留學經驗(8+年)
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  • 10 years ago

    till 耕種

    stop (火車)站

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  • 10 years ago

    第一題B farmer是人 所以不能用which whom也不對因為whom 是受格

    第二題D 因為where the city lies 是一個clause 所以有兩個動詞沒差

    就像你說 I like that girl who likes to play basketball. 一樣的意思

    不對請糾正 謝謝

    Source(s): 自己
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