What size Power Inverter should I get for a refrigerator for a camper?
I have a small Sanyo 1.7 cubic foot refrigerator and I want to use it in a camper. The ratings on the back say 115v 60hz 1.4A. The power guide for it says that it will use about 307KWH per year.
Now I know nothing about power inverters. I want to take a 12V battery for a golf cart and connect an inverter to it to power this fridge. What size inverter should I get and how long would the battery last on a single charge?
Thanks for the help.
- SwamyLv 79 years agoBest Answer
Power = Voltage x Amperes
= 115 x 1.4
= 160 Watts approx
Let us assume 200 watts to be on the safe side.
307 KWH per year is about 0.8 units per day and assuming that the compressor runs for 1/3rd time though the fridge is on for 24 hours, we get the power consumption as 100 watts per hour.
In case of AC appliances there is a power factor and it may be about 0.7 or so in this case and thus the watt rating and the power consumption will differ. We need to take the watt rating into consideration for calculating the instantaneous power needs.
Inverters of 400 - 600 watts are easily available (look for an used one in working condition if possible).
How many hours it lasts depends on the size and condition of the 12V battery. Look for the AH number. Divide that by 12 to get a very approximate value.
- Mike1942fLv 79 years ago
You will need to know the amp-hour rating of the battery to judge the running time The inverter is going to pull more than 14 amps - probably 18 or more depending on the efficiency of the inverter. And once the battery voltage gets low enough, the inverter will shut down completely.
You will, for anything more than a half days use, probably have to get a splitter (from an RV place) so that the battery is charged from the vehicle circuit but does not run down the vehicle battery when low.
You would be better off to buy a 12 volt RV refrigerator.
The KWH/year is irrelevant.
- PhyllisLv 44 years ago
All good answers, except square wave inverters are rare since the year 2000, but square wave could be the problem. Can you hear the fridge compressor running in the second before shut down? Possibly your deep cycle batteries are rated 100 amp hours or less, or they are near the end of their useful life. Sometimes batteries will charge to 13 volts or a bit more, but they can supply only a few amps. You can measure the voltage at the dc terminals of the inverter: If it falls below 12 volts for even 1/5 second, the inverter output may be less than 1000 watts which is not enough to start the compressor for a large refrigerator/freezer combination. If the voltage at the battery terminals is more than slightly higher, one or more bad connection is likely. Likely your inverter is rated 2500 watts surge, but that may assume the input voltage does not drop below 13 volts. None of the wires or terminals should get warm in the few seconds you can operate your inverter The wires that came with my 600 watt inverter are 1/2 centimeter thick, perhaps much as 1/4 inch, so you do need heavy wire to get the full surge rating, and possibly your surge rating is marginal = you need a 5000 watt (surge rating) inverter or there abouts. Neil
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- ?Lv 49 years ago
Your fridge pulls 161 watts because 1.4A * 115 V = 115 watts (P = V*I)
You'll need at least a 200w inverter, if not bigger.
Golf cart battery. Not big enough capacity wise. You will need a large deep cycle battery like is used in a boat to keep this thing going. A deep cycle battery lets you pull it way down before you recharge it, but when you do recharge it, you have to recharge it slowly--totally different from a car battery. An older large car battery would do the trick as well.
- 9 years ago
Using Ohms Law: Power =Voltage x Amperage. 161 watts = 115 v X 1.4 amps running. Startup power for the compressor will be higher ( as much as 10x).So, to be safe; get a 1000-watt DC-AC convertor.
As far as how long the battery will last. The time period it will last is dependent on amp-hour rating of the deep cycle battery. The battery's label will list this number. Use this web calculator to estimate the time it will take for the battery to be 50% discharged. http://www.solarwindtec.com/batcac.shtml
You want to make sure to use a deep cycle battery, as a regular starting battery will not hold up to the contant discharging/charging cycles.Source(s): Ohm's Law
- RogerLv 79 years ago
I'd guess you'll need about a 300 watt inverter. The refrigerator will run the battery down in about 3 hours or so. These are rough estimates.