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Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

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US Oil Price Controls - Bad Policy?

The rapid increase in crude prices from 1973 to 1981 would have been much less were it not for United States energy policy during the post Embargo period. The US imposed price controls on domestically produced oil. The obvious result of the price controls was that U.S. consumers of crude oil paid about 50 percent more for imports than domestic production and U.S producers received less than world market price. In effect, the domestic petroleum industry was subsidizing the U.S. consumer.

Did the policy achieve its goal? In the short-term, the recession induced by the 1973-1974 crude oil price spike was somewhat less severe because U.S. consumers faced lower prices than the rest of the world. However, it had other effects as well.

In the absence of price controls, U.S. exploration and production would certainly have been significantly greater. Higher petroleum prices faced by consumers would have resulted in lower rates of consumption: automobiles would have achieved higher miles per gallon sooner, homes and commercial buildings would have has better insulated and improvements in industrial energy efficiency would have been greater than they were during this period. Consequently, the United States would have been less dependent on imports in 1979-1980 and the price increase in response to Iranian and Iraqi supply interruptions would have been significantly less

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  • 1 decade ago
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    US Oil Price Controls - Bad Policy?

    美國 石油價格 控制- 錯誤的政策?

    The rapid increase in crude prices from 1973 to 1981 would have been much less were it not for United States energy policy during the post Embargo period. The US imposed price controls on domestically produced oil. The obvious result of the price controls was that U.S. consumers of crude oil paid about 50 percent more for imports than domestic production and U.S producers received less than world market price. In effect, the domestic petroleum industry was subsidizing the U.S. consumer.

    如果不是美國在後禁運時期的能源政策,73年至81年原油價格的快速增長 將是低得多。美國對國內生產的石油實行價格控制。價格管制明顯的結果是,美國的原油消費者支付比國內生產約百分之五十以上價格的進口原油,而美國生產者的拿到低於世界市場價格。實際上,國內石油業在補貼美國的消費者。

    Did the policy achieve its goal? In the short-term, the recession induced by the 1973-1974 crude oil price spike was somewhat less severe because U.S. consumers faced lower prices than the rest of the world. However, it had other effects as well.

    政策有達到其目的嗎?在短期而言,由1973-1974年原油價格上漲引起的經濟衰退多少較輕微些,因為美國消費者比世界其他地區面臨較低的價格。不過,油價管制也有其他影響。

    In the absence of price controls, U.S. exploration and production would certainly have been significantly greater. Higher petroleum prices faced by consumers would have resulted in lower rates of consumption: automobiles would have achieved higher miles per gallon sooner, homes and commercial buildings would have has better insulated and improvements in industrial energy efficiency would have been greater than they were during this period. Consequently, the United States would have been less dependent on imports in 1979-1980 and the price increase in response to Iranian and Iraqi supply interruptions would have been significantly less 沒有價格管制,美國的勘探和生產,肯定會顯著提高。較高的石油價格會導致面臨的消費者較低的消費,汽車可以更快達到較高的每加侖英里數,家庭和商業樓宇具有更好的絕緣,以及工業能源效率大於他們已在此期間的改善。於是乎,美國在1979-1980年不會那麼依賴進口,反應伊朗和伊拉克供應中斷的價格上漲會大大減少

  • 6 years ago

    看看他 的答案

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  • 1 decade ago

    美國油价控制-壞政策? 在崗位禁運期間,如果它不是為美國能源政策在原油价格的迅速增量從1973年到1981將是較少。 在國內被生產的油的美國強加的物价调控。 物价调控的明顯的結果是進口比国内生产和美國生產商支付的大约50%多原油的美國消费者比世界市价接受了較少。 实际上,國內石油工业給美国消費者津貼。 政策是否達到了它的目標? 短期,因為美國消费者比世界其他地方,面對低价1973-1974原油价格釘導致的後退是有些较不嚴厲的。 然而,它有其他作用。 在沒有物价调控時,美國探險和生產一定將是显着更加偉大的。 消费者面對的更高的石油價格导致消耗量的更低的率: 汽車快將達到更高的英里每加侖,家和商業大廈將有更好绝緣了,並且在工業节能的改善偉大在這個期間,比他們是。 结果,在1979-1980美國將依靠较不進口,並且以回應伊朗和伊拉克供应中断的涨价將显著是較少

    這是用yahoo翻的

    Source(s): yahoo的字典
  • 1 decade ago

    美國 石油價格 控制- 錯誤的政策?

    在原油的快速增長 價格s 73年至81年將是少得多,如果不是美國的能源政策在後禁運時期。美國實行價格控制在國內生產的石油。最明顯的結果是價格管制,美國消費者支付的原油約百分之五十以上的進口比國內生產和美國的生產收入低於世界市場價格。實際上,國內石油業補貼的美國消費者。

    難道政策實現其目標?在短期而言,經濟衰退引起的1973-1974年原油價格上漲感到有點不太嚴重,因為美國消費者面臨更低的價格比世界其他地區。不過,也有其他影響以及。

    在沒有價格管制,美國的勘探和生產,肯定會得到顯著提高。較高的石油價格所面臨的消費者將導致較低的消費:汽車可以取得較高的英里每加侖更快,家庭和商業樓宇將具有更好的絕緣和改善工業能源效率將大於他們已在此期間。因此,美國不會那麼依賴進口,價格在1979-1980年增加應對伊朗和伊拉克供應中斷將被大大減少

    我是用Google的文字翻譯器翻譯的

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