What is the actual meaning of word "Jihad "...............?
This question is inspired by my one of the contact Capt edible .............please explain it in simple language.
- 10 years agoBest Answer
This question is often hurled at Muslims, either directly or indirectly, during any discussion on religion or world affairs. Muslim stereotypes are perpetuated in every form of the media accompanied by gross misinformation about Islam and Muslims. In fact, such misinformation and false propaganda often leads to discrimination and acts of violence against Muslims. A case in point is the anti-Muslim campaign in the American media following the Oklahoma bomb blast, where the press was quick to declare a ‘Middle Eastern conspiracy’ behind the attack. The culprit was later identified as a soldier from the American Armed Forces.
Nowadays so much is happening in our country. After 11th September many people are taking the term of Jihad in a very wrong way. Jihad in Islamic tradition is that of an internal spiritual struggle, focused on individual purification and the promotion of social justice and human rights. In some extreme sectors, this concept has been twisted to justify politically motivated acts of violence. Jihad is one of the most misunderstood and abused aspects of Islam. Some extremist Muslims exploit the concept of Jihad for their own political objectives. Many non-Muslims misinterpret it to discredit Islam and Muslims. Every religion goes through tough time b/c of its extremist followers. Islam is not a violent religion some of its followers are doing violent acts.
What is Jihad?
The word Jihad does not mean "Holy War". Jihad means effort or endeavors against man’s own self. Jihad is to work hard to do right things. Islam ask his followers to recognize their duty towards themselves, and that duty is Jihad, striving for good against evil, beginning with the conquest of a man’s own lusts. His training for Jihad is not only military training; it is the whole structure of Islamic discipline. Without the wider human aim there can be no Jihad. In the religious sense, it probably applies to the whole effort of the Muslim to assert and establish the sovereignty of God in men’s mind, by performing his religious duty as laid down in the Quran, an effort, which should last through all his life. It should govern every action of his life, or he is no true Muslim. This duty may be summarized as the fight for good against evil in every connection and in every field, beginning with a man’s own heart and mind. Our Holy prophet (peace be upon him) said:
"The greatest Jihad is that against a man’s own lust;" Which means that the best way of recommending the belief in Allah’s universal sovereignty and extending the new realm of peace and brotherhood is by the example of righteous conduct. The term Al-Jihad-ul-Akbar. "The greatest Jihad," is also applied by the Holy prophet (peace be upon him) to the effort of the student to become learned and the effort of the learned to spread knowledge.
"The ink of the scholar is more holy than the blood of the martyr."
Jihad means serious and sincere struggle on the personal as well as on the social level. It is a struggle to do well and to remove injustice, oppression and evil from the society. This struggle should be spiritual as well as social, economic and political. In the Quran this word is used in its different forms 33 times. It often comes with other Quranic concepts such as faith, repentance, righteous deeds and migration. It is therefore incorrect to limit the meaning of the term to warfare of the fanatical religious kind
Jihad is Not Terrorism:
It is to be emphasized that terrorism against the innocent civilians, whether through aggression or suicidal means, is under no circumstances permissible in Islam. Terrorism is not Jihad, it is Fasad (mischief). It is against the teaching of Islam. Allah said: "When it is said to them: Make not mischief on the earth, they say why, we only want to correct things, Indeed they are the mischief doers, but they realize (it) not." (Al Baqarah 2:11-12)
In olden days when the Muslim universities were at the height of their power and influence, the learned in the sacred Law judged independently, distinguished clearly between Jihad warfare and wars of mere ambition or self-interest. It is unanimously and invariably condemned the latter as totally un-sanctioned by the shariah. Wars which fall under the heading of Jihad can be fought only in self-defense, for the protection of the weak who are oppressed, and the redress of the wrong. Non combatants must not be harmed, priest and religious institutions have to be respected, crops must not be curt down. "Destroy not their means of subsistence." That was the prophet’s law against his enemies. The prophet in his warfare several times forgave his enemies, with wonderful results.
Islam is a Religion of Peace and Tolerance:
Tolerance is a quality, which one associates with a high degree of human culture. One of the frequent charges brought against Islam, historically and as a religion by western world is that it is intolerant. For the Muslims, Judaism, Christianity and Islam are three forms of one religion, which in its original purity was the religion of Abraham. The laws of Allah are universal and the intolerance of Muslims for others’ beliefs are evidence that they themselves have, at the moment, forgotten the vision of the Majesty and mercy of Allah which the Quran presents to them. But people will object that Muslims today are very intolerant people, and they will call every body who do not agree with them a Kafir, an infidel and many. Muslims seek to justify such abuse by quoting the words of Quran. The Kafir in the first place, is not the follower of any religion. They are the opponent of Allah’s benevolent will and purpose for mankind - therefore the disbelieves in the truth of all religions, the disbelieves in all scriptures as of divine revelation, the disbelieves to the point of active opposition in all the prophets whom the Muslims are bidden to regard, without distinction, as messengers of Allah.
The Quran repeatedly claims to bet the confirmation of the truth of all religions.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was never aggressive against any one or class of men; he never penalized any one, or made war on any people on the ground of belief, but only on the ground of conduct. Many centuries the Muslims ruled all over the world. Islamic societies were known for their tolerance, generosity and humanity. So if Mr., Pat Robertson is quoting verses from the Quran, he took it in a very different context. Allah says very clearly:
Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not do aggression, for Allah loves not the aggressors. (Al Baqarah 2:190)
All Muslims are Condemning the Terrorism:
There is no command to murder and massacre. There is not one word in the Holy Quran to justify murder or massacre under any circumstances whatsoever. Therefore all of the Muslim community here in United States and all the over the world are and should condemned the brutal murder of Daniel Pearl in Pakistan.
In our modern society where we are living in global village, where non-Muslims and Muslims are living together, it is our duty to better understanding among ourselves, work for peace and justice for all people. We should cooperate with each other in matters of goodness and virtue in order to stop all terrorism, aggression and violation against the innocent people. This is our Jihad today.
The literal meaning of 'Jihad' is the exertion of efforts - exerting your efforts and investing your energy. Jihad for the sake of Allah means exerting your efforts in order to elevate the word of Allah - whether these efforts are mental, physical, financial, or verbal.
"In this, the words of the Prophet Muhammad are true: 'Wage Jihad against infidels or the polytheists with your money, your souls, and your tongues.' Wage Jihad against the polytheists with money. When you use your money for the sake of Allah, in defense of the religion of Allah, of the Muslims, of their countries, and of all that is sacred to them - you are a mujahid for the sake of Allah.
"When you sacrifice your soul and invest your energy in defense of the religion of Allah, the Muslims, their countries, their mosques, their holy places, and their honor - you are a mujahid for the sake of Allah." [...]
"In Our Resistance to the Enemy, We Must Choose the Means and Methods that Will Grant Us Victory, Benefit Us, and Minimize Our Losses"
"Some people believe that Jihad means nothing but bearing arms and fighting the enemy. This is indeed Jihad, but it is not the only Jihad. There is the Jihad of the word, the Jihad of money, the Jihad of resistance, and the Jihad of defense. This is what we need to understand about the meaning of 'resistance.'
"Resistance does not mean that we should bear arms, whether the time is right or not. It is wise to bear arms at a time when we should bear arms, and to lay down our weapons when we should lay down our weapons.
"We must choose... In our resistance to our enemy - to the Israeli settlement in our land, for example, and to the Israeli aggression against us - we must choose the means and the methods that will grant us victory, be to our benefit, and minimize our losses. [...]
"Brothers, we must understand that resistance assumes many forms, and that Jihad assumes many and varied forms. We have no right to reduce this notion into a single form, or into several forms, without the others. All forms of resistance are honorable and necessary.
"However, we must exercise wisdom and reason when we use the appropriate means, which are suited to our circumstances, our capabilities, and our needs, when it comes to resistance and Jihad.
"Jihad continues to Judgment Day. Brothers, nobody - whoever he may be - can ever abolish Jihad or say that it has come to an end.
- TammyLv 44 years ago
It's Arabic, not Urdu and the literal meaning is struggle.
- ?Lv 610 years ago
The word 'Jihad' means 'Struggle' but it has literally lost it's sheen... Today 'Jihad' can be considered as some 'Work for Un-employed youths, who unfortunately falls into the hands of people like Saeed and Osama for their own vested interest in the name of so called 'JIHAD!''.
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- 10 years ago
Jihad is often mistakenly described as "holy war." Explore what the true meaning of Jihad is: a constant struggle to preserve one's faith and defend the rights to freedom of worship.
The word Jihad stems from the Arabic root word J-H-D, which means "strive." Other words derived from this root include "effort," "labor," and "fatigue." Essentially Jihad is an effort to practice religion in the face of oppression and persecution.
Jihad is an Arabic word that means "striving in the way of God" it does not say anywhere violence Jihad is resistance it could be against your ownself to keep yourself away from the bad things or the things prohibitted in Islam. Striving can take a number of forms, including the daily inner struggle to be a better person. However, jihad is often used to refer to an armed struggle fought in defense of Islam. The point I wanna make here is struggle fought in "defense" of Islam, it could be an armed struggle but only when Islam is threatened, and appear to be threatened, which i think is fair enough everyone has a right to defend himself.
Some people misinterpret it for their own personal advantages, they think they are doing good to Islam but actually they are not , they have made groups supported by different foriegn countries, those countries use these Islamic Extremist groups for political pupose. Now a days Jihad is not what it is, its been misused and misinterpreted by a small group of people who is misusing the word of Islam and the passion muslims have for Islam, just to play a Nasty game of Politics.
- IndianLv 610 years ago
Actually meaning of "jihad" is "Terrorism" by Islamic peoples.
- 10 years ago
In the linguistic sense, the Arabic word "jihad" means struggling or striving and applies to any effort exerted by anyone. In this sense, a student struggles and strives to get an education and pass course work; an employee strives to fulfill his/her job and maintain good relations with his/her employer; a politician strives to maintain or increase his  popularity with his constituents and so on. The term strive or struggle may be used for/by Muslims as well as non-Muslims; for example, Allah, the One and Only True God says in the Quran:
"We have enjoined on people kindness to parents; but if they STRIVE (Jahadaka) to make you ascribe partners with Me that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not..." [Noble Quran 29:8; also see 31:15]
In the above two verses of the Quran, it is non-Muslim parents who strive (Jahadaka) to convert their Muslim child back to their religion.Source(s): www.aboutjihad.com
- 10 years ago
Jihad is the Arabic word for struggle or striving. This applies to a Muslim who struggles/strives to reach a moral, spiritual, or political goal.
I seen people mention Holy War but I'm thinking it's a stereotype that has come into play.
- O8SERVERLv 410 years ago
In Arabic, the word jihād is a noun meaning "struggle."
In simple terms, it refers to a religious duty of Muslims, but a wide range of opinions exist about the exact meaning of jihad. Muslims use the word in a religious context to refer to three types of struggles: an internal struggle to maintain faith, the struggle to improve the Muslim society, or the struggle in a holy war.
- 10 years ago
In western societies the term jihad is often translated as "holy war".
Muslim authors tend to reject such an approach stressing non-militant connotations of the word.
In technical literature, the term "holy war" is often used to describe jihad. However, scholars of islamic studies often stress that both words are not synonymous.
In Simple words if you are praying to god(following islam) and anyone stops you to do this you can oppose(or foight with) him.Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jihad
- Anonymous10 years ago
Jihad striving in the Bhagavad gita,
''Therefore strive for yoga,O Arjuna,which is the art of all work[2-50]
Mahabharth is an epic and sacred scripture of hindu's Which is mainly deals with a fight between the cousins, .The Pandavas and the Kauravas,in the dettlefield Arjuna prefers not to fight and be killed rather than having his conscience burdened with killing of his relatives
There are several verse in Gita where krishna advises Arjun to fight and kill the enemies even though they are his relatives,
I wonder how come the critics of Islam, especially critics amongst the our hindus,point a finger at the Qur'an when speaks about fighting and killing unjust enemies,The only possibility I can think of is that they themselves have not read their sacred scripture as the Gita,Mahabharath and the vedas,
There are hundreds of verse in Bhagavad gita alone.which encourage fighting and killing,many times more as compared to such Verses in the Qur'an.