傻瓜蛋 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請教專案方面的英文翻譯

各位專案/英文達人好:

這是我最近看的,有幾段的英文翻譯,我翻譯的不佳,甚至有點奇怪,想請大家是否可以幫幫忙,幫我解答解答呢?我是自己真的有翻譯過,萬一有人擔心我只是不經大腦就放上來,我願意把我翻譯的部分放上來。

1.

The technique proposed by Sears (1981) is based on manual integration of the

schedule and cost items, i.e., the integration is to reflect the relationships

between activities and cost items. However, it requires considerable manual

work, and the method does not consider the time lag between the use of a cost

item and the payment for it.

2.

The model of Navon (1995, 1997) proposed automatically integration of the

B.O.Q (Bill Of Quantity), the estimate and the schedule associated with lower

level (resource level).

3.

Consequently, this implies that the next weight of a cost category to be applied will be changed in accordance with the cumulative actual cost and the remaining budget. Thus, these “the moving weights” involves applying a different

weights for remaining budget of cost categories and computing weights of them

over the project duration to pertain to the remaining budget. Applying moving weights of cost categories to the remaining budget in a month (time series) is to

reduce uncertainty of forecasting cash-out for the remaining duration of the

project. This characteristic of a budget during the construction period is

illustrated in Fig. 2.

再次感謝大家

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.

    The technique proposed by Sears (1981) is based on manual integration of the

    schedule and cost items, i.e., the integration is to reflect the relationships

    between activities and cost items. However, it requires considerable manual

    work, and the method does not consider the time lag between the use of a cost

    item and the payment for it.

    由Sears所提出的這項技術是根據排程與成本的操作整合而成的。也就是說,這樣的整合是為了反應出活動(任務)與成本間的關係。然而,其需要相當多的操作任務及不考慮在使用成本項目與支付款項間的時間落後問題

    2.

    The model of Navon (1995, 1997) proposed automatically integration of the

    B.O.Q (Bill Of Quantity), the estimate and the schedule associated with lower

    level (resource level).

    Navon的模組自動地提出B.O.Q式的整合,其(指B.O.Q式的整合)評估與排程是與lower level (resource level)有相關的

    3.

    Consequently, this implies that the next weight of a cost category to be applied will be changed in accordance with the cumulative actual cost and the remaining budget. Thus, these “the moving weights” involves applying a different

    weights for remaining budget of cost categories and computing weights of them

    over the project duration to pertain to the remaining budget. Applying moving weights of cost categories to the remaining budget in a month (time series) is to

    reduce uncertainty of forecasting cash-out for the remaining duration of the

    project. This characteristic of a budget during the construction period is

    illustrated in Fig. 2

    因此,這暗示了下一個被應用的成本項目的加權指數將會被改變,這是為了與逐漸確切的成本與剩下的預算做一致。因此,這些the moving weights包含了應用不同的權數於成本項目所剩下的預算及電腦運算因子。應用成本項目的moving weights於剩下的預算,是為了減少專案在未來剩下的期間,預測現金支出的不確定性。這期間的預算的特性請看圖2

    Source(s): me
  • 1 decade ago

    1.這種技術提出的西爾斯(1981年),是基於手動集成的

    進度和成本項目,即一體化的關係,以反映

    活動與成本項目。但是,它需要大量的手工

    工作,該方法沒有考慮時間滯後之間的使用成本

    項目及支付它。

    2.該模型的納馮(1995年,1997年)提出的自動集成

    工程量清單(工程量清單)中,估計和相關的時間表與降低

    一級(資源水平)。

    Gāi móxíng de nà féng (1995 nián,1997 nián) tíchū de zìdòng jíchéng

    Gōngchéng liàng qīngdān (gōngchéng liàng qīngdān) zhōng, gūjì hé xiāngguān de shíjiān biǎo yǔ jiàngdī

    Yījí (zīyuán shuǐpíng).

    3.

    因此,這意味著在未來重成本類別適用於將改為按照累計實際成本,其餘的預算。因此,這些“移動加權”涉及適用不同

    重量剩餘預算費用類別和權重計算,其中

    在項目的期限是關於預算的其餘部分。運用移動加權成本類別,其餘的預算在1個月(時間序列),是

    減少不確定性的預測現金為剩餘期限的

    項目。這一特徵的預算是在施工期間

    如圖所示2

  • 雲凍
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    1.

    The technique proposed by Sears (1981) is based on manual integration of the

    schedule and cost items, i.e., the integration is to reflect the relationships

    between activities and cost items. However, it requires considerable manual

    work, and the method does not consider the time lag between the use of a cost

    item and the payment for it.

    希爾斯在1981年所提出的技術是以人工完成的排程和成本項目整合為基礎的,也就是這個整合反映出活動和成本間的關係。然而,這需要可觀的人為作業而且這個方法未考慮到成本項目的使用和該項目支出之間的時間延遲。

    2.

    The model of Navon (1995, 1997) proposed automatically integration of the

    B.O.Q (Bill Of Quantity), the estimate and the schedule associated with lower

    level (resource level).

    (1995年、1997年)Navon的模型提到數量清單(B.O.Q.)的自動整合,與下階層(來源層)相關聯的預估和排程。

    3.

    Consequently, this implies that the next weight of a cost category to be applied will be changed in accordance with the cumulative actual cost and the remaining budget. Thus, these “the moving weights” involves applying a different

    weights for remaining budget of cost categories and computing weights of them

    over the project duration to pertain to the remaining budget. Applying moving weights of cost categories to the remaining budget in a month (time series) is to

    reduce uncertainty of forecasting cash-out for the remaining duration of the

    project. This characteristic of a budget during the construction period is

    illustrated in Fig. 2.

    因此,這暗示著下一個用到的成本類別其加權指數將會依照實際累積成本和剩餘的預算而改變。所以,這些”移動加權”包含了針對成本類別的剩餘預算使用不同的加權和在整個計劃期間計算它們的加權以合於剩餘的預算。針對一個月內的剩餘預算(依時間序列)使用成本類別的移動加權是為了減少計畫剩餘期間內現金流出預估的不確定性。圖2說明一份在建造工程期間內預算的這個特性。

    Source(s): Sundial
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