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? asked in Politics & GovernmentMilitary · 10 years ago

mexican american war?

how did mexico lose california, texas etc etc

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  • 10 years ago
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    Outnumbered militarily and with many of its large cities occupied, Mexico could not defend itself and was also faced with internal divisions. It had little choice but to make peace on any terms.[41] The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed on February 2, 1848, by American diplomat Nicholas Trist and Mexican plenipotentiary representatives Luis G. Cuevas, Bernardo Couto, and Miguel Atristain, ended the war and gave the U.S. undisputed control of Texas, established the U.S.-Mexican border of the Rio Grande River, and ceded to the United States the present-day states of California, Nevada, Utah, and parts of Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Wyoming. In return Mexico received US $18,250,000[42] ($457,373,077 today)—less than half the amount the U.S. had attempted to offer Mexico for the land before the opening of hostilities[43]—and the U.S. agreed to assume $3.25-million ($81,450,000 today) in debts that the Mexican government owed to U.S. citizens.[9]

    The acquisition was a source of controversy then, especially among U.S. politicians who had opposed the war from the start. A leading antiwar U.S. newspaper, the Whig Intelligencer sardonically concluded that:[44][45]

    “ We take nothing by conquest.... Thank God. ”

    Mexican territorial claims relinquished in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in white.

    Jefferson Davis introduced an amendment giving the U.S. most of northeastern Mexico, which failed 44-11. It was supported by both senators from Texas (Sam Houston and Thomas Jefferson Rusk), Daniel S. Dickinson of New York, Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, Edward A. Hannegan of Indiana, and one each from Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Ohio, Missouri, and Tennessee. Most of the leaders of the Democratic party, Thomas Hart Benton, John C. Calhoun, Herschel V. Johnson, Lewis Cass, James Murray Mason of Virginia, and Ambrose Hundley Sevier, were opposed.[46] An amendment by Whig Senator George Edmund Badger of North Carolina to exclude New Mexico and California lost 35-15, with three Southern Whigs voting with the Democrats. Daniel Webster was bitter that four New England senators made deciding votes for acquiring the new territories.

    The acquired lands west of the Rio Grande are traditionally called the Mexican Cession in the United States, as opposed to the Texas Annexation two years earlier, though division of New Mexico down the middle at the Rio Grande never had any basis either in control or Mexican boundaries. Mexico never recognized the independence of Texas [47] prior to the war, and did not cede its claim to territory north of the Rio Grande or Gila River until this treaty.

    Prior to ratifying the treaty, the U.S. Senate made two modifications, changing the wording of Article IX (which guaranteed Mexicans living in the purchased territories the right to become U.S. citizens), and striking out Article X (which conceded the legitimacy of land grants made by the Mexican government). On May 26, 1848, when the two countries exchanged ratifications of the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, they further agreed to a three-article protocol (known as the Protocol of Querétaro) to explain the amendments. The first article claimed that the original Article IX of the treaty, although replaced by Article III of the Treaty of Louisiana, would still confer the rights delineated in Article IX. The second article confirmed the legitimacy of land grants under Mexican law.[48] The protocol was signed in the city of Querétaro by A. H. Sevier, Nathan Clifford, and Luis de la Rosa.[48]

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    American Occupation of Mexico City

    Mexico lost more than 900,000 square miles of land, 55%[49] of its national territory. Pre-war Mexico covered almost 1,700,000 square miles which was reduced to just under 800,000 in 1848 and another 32,000 were sold to the United States in the Gadsen Purchase. Mexico is approximately 761,000 square miles. By 1853 55% of the national territory had been lost. The annexed territories contained about 1,000 Mexican families in Alta California and 7,000 in Nuevo México. [citation needed] A few relocated further south in Mexico; the great majority remained in the United States. Descendants of these Mexican families have risen to prominence in American life, such as United States Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar, and his brother, U.S. Rep. John Salazar, both from Colorado.

    Source(s): The internet, where you should look this up
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  • 10 years ago

    After the Mexicans over ran the Alamo and killed all that were in the US fort, the US military entered the war. They fought the Mexicans and ended up beating the Mexican Army. As a condition of surrender, Mexico had to give up pretty much everything north of the Rio Grande river all the way to the Pacific Ocean.

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  • 3 years ago

    sure. on the top of the war united states of america payed Mexico $15 million. i'm guessing you attempt to assert Mexicans some how very own that land now some how, yet how did Mexico get that land interior the 1st place. in case you decide directly to apply the previous to ascertain who owns what then sturdy good fortune. throughout the time of historic previous territory and bounds and grown and gotten smaller and shifted. i can assure if Mexico had taken some land from united states of america they may well be asserting to comparable element if we've been stressful the land lower back.

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