Silver asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

during ˋ while差別

題目 _______ on a trip, Tina always buys lots of presents which are the famous food in every place.

這題答案是While 正當....的時候

可是我想請問為什麼不能用During?

這句不能翻成 "旅行的期間 Tina 總是買很多禮物....." 嗎?

可以詳細告訴我為什麼嗎? 還有怎麼判斷while 和 during什麼時候要用哪個?

我知道一個是正當...時候 一個是在....期間

但是像上面那句例句我就不是很懂了

請詳細替我說明 謝謝:)

Update:

對了 我還要問一下

To get this job, ______Eric stayed up late last night and prepared lots of information.

答案是填不用連接詞

為什麼to表目的 主要子句就不用連接詞??請解釋一下 謝謝

Update 2:

Two boxes of the fresh food which ____ grown on Grandpa's farm will send to me.

答案是was

請幫我翻這句

還有為什麼要用單數be動詞??

3 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    while (當...的時候) 是個連接詞

    後面要接一個句子*

    EX:

    (1)She listened closely while he read the letter.

    也可寫成

    (2)While he read the letter, she listened closely .

    他讀信時,她聽得很仔細。

    during (在...的整個期間) 是個介係詞

    後面要接一個名詞

    就是你所要形容的 那個期間

    EX:

    (1)They met and fell in love with each other during the Second World War.

    也可寫成

    (2) During the Second World War, they met and fell in love with each other .

    他們在第二次世界大戰期間相遇並相愛。

    你的句子原本應該是

    "While I am on a trip, Tina always buys lots of presents which are the famous

    food in every place."

    可是寫的人不想重複 "I" 太多次

    所以他省略了前半句的 "I am"

    這是可行的省略 因為前半句 跟後半句的主詞 都是 "I"

    如果題目是 "___ the trip,Tina always buys lots of presents which are the

    famous food in every place."

    你就可以選擇 during

    因為 the trip 是個名詞

    2010-06-26 15:59:19 補充:

    句首的To,是指In order to 為了要...(表目的)

    通常前面的 in order可以省略

    所以有些直接用 to V 的,就是這個用法...

    至於,為什麼主要子句不需要用聯接詞,則是因為句型

    To+ VR +...,+S+V+...

    = In order to + VR+...,+S+V+...

    EX"

    To learn English well , Amada comes to the cram school .

    = In order to learn English well , Amada comes to the cram school .

    由以上可看出,主要子句不用加連接詞

    2010-06-26 20:01:39 補充:

    Two boxes of the fresh food which ____ grown on Grandpa's farm will send to me.

    food是不可數名詞,故用單數的beV

    至於用過去式的原因,則是因為爺爺已種了新鮮食物(過去發生的事)

    此句意思為

    有兩箱從爺爺農場裡已採收的新鮮食物將要寄給我

    2010-06-26 23:46:33 補充:

    抱歉,更正一下

    上面的有些地方,我打錯了

    你的句子原本應該是

    "While Tina goes on a trip, Tina always buys lots of presents which are the famous

    food in every place."

    可是寫的人不想重複 "Tina" 太多次

    所以他省略了前半句的 "Tina goes"

    這是可行的省略 因為前半句 跟後半句的主詞 都是 "Tina"

    2010-06-27 15:43:54 補充:

    Thanks ! = )

    Source(s): myself+網路+知識+, myself+網路, myself, myself
  • 1 decade ago

    yu-wen , i agree

  • 呆子
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    1.先瞭解詞性:during(介繫詞,其後接名詞,不可接介詞片語)

    while(連接詞,其後接子句)

    2.while (Tina goes主詞及動詞省略 ) on a trip, Tina always buys lots of presents which are the famous food in every place.

    3.To get this job, ______Eric stayed up late last night and prepared lots of information.

    其中To get this job不定詞片語置句首當副詞用修飾後接主要子句,

    2010-06-26 15:56:17 補充:

    To get this job因其當副詞用,所以可刪除而不影響句意,因無二個子句,那麼後接主要子句就不需要連接詞將其連結了*****

    2010-06-26 19:39:00 補充:

    Two boxes of the fresh food which was grown on Grandpa's farm will be sent to me.

    二箱由祖父農場採收的新鮮食物將要寄給我

    -----the fresh food which was grown -----which的先行詞是food所以動詞用單數******

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.