Was the United Kingdom made or forced?
Was Ireland forced into the united kingdom or became a part voluntarily?
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
The Irish Parliament of the time (usually reffered to as Grattan's Parliament after Henry Grattan, the architect of the autonomous parliament) passed the Act of Union of 1800 by a majority vote which established the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Though there has been allegations of vote-buying and corruption to secure the Union it's impossible to deny that there was large scale public support for the Union. Following the 1798 rebellion and the sectarian killings in Wexford many Anglicans and Dissenters became convinced that the Irish Parliament lacked the capability to protect its citizens effectively, they feared further territorial incursions from France and possible rebellions that could bring more sectarian bloodshed - they believed the only way to guarantee security was to form a close union with Great Britain in the hopes that its military might could prevent further violence.
Similarly within the Catholic population the Act of Union was supported, though many in the Irish Parliament supported the idea of Catholic Emancipation little to no action was taken to implement reforms to redress the social imbalance. William Pitt the Younger, the then Prime Minister of Great Britain, made it clear that if the Act of Union was passed he would push through reforms to progress the Emancipation, something many believed was impossible within the Irish Parliament due to the vested interests of its members (many of whom where members of the land-owning Protestant Ascendancy who remained the political elite in Ireland).
There was opposition to the Union from Anglican quarters, many feared the loss of power and influence over domestic affairs that would come with the Union - as the elite at the time they were none too happy with the idea of transferring control to a United Parliament were they would lack a majority to push through policies favoring the status quo in terms of land laws and tithing. Similarly there were some Republican opposition but the back of this movement had largely been broken following the 1798 rebellion which was largely viewed as an act of Treason by many of those capable to vote - though they opposed it they lacked a political voice in parliament to mobolise against it.
Ultimately the forces in favour of Union outweighed the voices of those that wished to remain seperate and the Act of Union was passed.
- rdenig_maleLv 71 decade ago
The Union of the Parliaments of the United Kingdom with that of Ireland in 1801 was effectively forced on the Irish by bribery and the awarding of honours. It was thought necessary during the napoleonic Wars, in case a Roman Catholic majority in Ireland obtained emancipation and thereafter allied itself with Napoleon and France. But, technically, Ireland was never part of the United Kingdom which phrase strictly relates to the Union of the Parliaments of Scotland with that of England and Wales in 1707. The correct name was The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland - and then The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland following the Irish Republic obtaining independence.
- BilboLv 71 decade ago
It was taken over by the Normans who had also taken over England. It was reconquered by the Tudors and made part of the Union by the 18th century. This was the nub of the nationalism in the late 19th century which led to the secession of the Irish Free State. Only Northern Ireland (the protestant six counties) want to remain as part of UK.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Only Northern Ireland is part of the UK
The republic of ireland isn't part of it.
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- Anonymous1 decade ago
only Northern Ireland is now apart of it and when the Rep was apart their parliment voted for it. a Scots man made England