what were the top 10 issues during the cold war?
i need this for history class
- thesurferLv 51 decade agoFavorite Answer
I am the surfer
1.) Propaganda and foreign policy : soviets and americans accused each other to be the bad guys trying to conquer the world and take over the other using public speeches of heads of state (presidents, prime ministers, ambassadors and the like) using the press radio and tv
2.) System of alliances warsaw pact and nato tried very hard to use little countries as proxies and puppets , once colonization was over both sides entered a competition to use africa for their side so as the middle east, arabs took side with soviets (egypt, syria, iraq ) israel, iran, and turkey took usa side, latin america was mostly pro usa south america was pro usa, only cuba and nicaragua became pro soviet. Asia was divided, north korea , china vietnam , laos and cambodia became pro soviet, india and pakistan were pro usa and then india came to the other side, south korea , and japan very pro usa
3.) Weapons races, sales and dominance : both sides tried to out produce the other with nuclear, bacteriological and conventional weapons, also the arm race was to see what side could have more submarines, air planes, armies, ships and the like, military assistance was a tool devised to deliver weapons conduct exercises and make treaties to influence the minds and pockets of soldiers of other countries , checoslovaquia pilots conducted exercises with cuban air force pilots , us navy did unitas exercises with south american navies
4.) Espionage: all sides used spies, and other means to gather intel info on the other satellites, radio code breaking, spies, computers, spy ships , spy planes , defectors and traitors, both sides had invested huge money on espionage neglecting civilian economy and the needs of their population
5.) Commerce and economy both sides used their economic system to influence commerce with their allies , usa won big time by using international banking system like World bank , International Monetary Fund, Inter american bank of development etc. dollar was and is very influential currency, soviet rubles was not traded outside warsaw borders
6:) International diplomacy : international organizations like United Nations, and Organization of American States were used as an arena to influence world diplomacy and opinion towards their side
7.) Aid programs usa had usaid to deliver the wonders of capitalism, poor countries were given money, food, school system help and the like to influence countries with their foreign policy ideology. Latin america was huge recipient of economic aid from usa so was cuba and nicaragua from soviets
8.) Support for clandestine groups ot side local law and take overs of legitimate regimes: Cia and Kgb gave huge money to nicaragua contras to over trow regime of daniel ortega, salvador was taken over during 56 to force the country into us side, east german stassi intel gave support trough money , weapons adn training to frelino group of south africa, cuba east germany and soviets gave support to all terrorist groups of europe africa , south america and the middle east , soviets had patrice lumumba university to train terrorist groups, camps were set inside cuba and nicaragua, cia delivered support to contras, to patria and libertad to take over chilean president and many more, usa had school of americans inside panama to teach latin american armies how to fight red guerillas
9) Influence to local political parties, Japanese parties were given monet to support reds and americans, the right wing party was pro usa and the left party was pro soviet,same case inside italy.
10.) Crises and wars Berlin 1947 air lift was the us response against soviet blockade of berlin. Korean war (1950 - 53) had soviets and chinese supporting north korea and usa and others had support to south korea. all middle east wars were supported by usa in favor of israel and sovites supporting egypt, iraq, syria and the like . 1956. 1967, 1973 and 1982. 1956 saw hungary crises, the checoslovaquia crises was 1967. cuban crises of 1961 had soviets and americans fighting over cuba and nuclear missiles , berlin had also crises during 1981
vietnam war had china and soviet union in support of north vietnam, usa was friendly to south vietnam. 1963 - 1975.
From the surfer
- RubymLv 71 decade ago
Top ten reasons? Who's your history teacher, David Letterman?
I don't know if I know 10, but will give it a try.
The division of Europe, Korea and Vietnam into Communist and non-communist countries. Germany and Berlin especially in Europe, since they were divided.
The arms race. The US developed the Atomic bomb in 1945 and Hydrogen Bomb about 9 years later. The Soviet Union (which had spies in the US Manhattan Project, which developed the bomb) had theirs built in 1949. They developed an H-bomb not long after we did, too.
Events like the building of the Berlin Wall in August 1961, built by the East Germans and Russians to keep East Germans from fleeing to free West Germany and the Cuban Missile Crisis in October 1962. Both had us close to war, the Missile Crisis the closest of all.
The political alignment of emerging nations. As former colonies of France, Britain, the Netherlands and other countries gained independence, the fight was on for the control by either pro-Soviet Communist forces or pro-American 'democratic' forces, but often the US backed governments were as much dictatorships as the Communist ones were.
Many countries played the US and Soviet Union against each other to get arms and other things from both sides (If Russia would not give them weapons, they would threaten to deal with the US, and vice versa. And were dealing with both all along in many cases) The Korean War and Vietnam wars and some others were off shoots of this thinking. Most, however were local revolutions, coups or civil wars in which the US or Soviet Union were not directly involved with combat troops.
The paranoia on both sides, especially up until after the Cuban Missile Crisis that the other side could bomb us at any second. "A Nuclear Pearl Harbor" is what some people said. The fear was late at night the bomb would be dropped, maybe with no warning. I'm sure Russian kids were going to bed with the same ideas many times.
People in some cases, probably really few, had bomb shelters in their house or yards. It seems to me that the paranoia about nuclear war lessened during the time after the Cuban Crisis and in the years that the Vietnam war drug on. It was over there, the Russians weren't directly fighting Americans and it did not seem like we would have a nuclear war after all.
The Reagan years changed that a little. For the first time in nearly 20 years there was talk that there could still be nuclear war. The Russians were the "Evil Empire" and our enemy still. But that ended with the fall of Communism in the early 1990's.
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- runforfreeLv 41 decade ago
I was going to answer - until i read the surfer. Brilliant answer even mentioning the biggest issue which was Korea. The top answerer never mentioned Korea? Hey if u include it all word for word they probably send u straight to college - so get your big bro or Dad to ease it down a bit for u:) still an A.
Footnote - USA had polaris submarines based at Holy Loch , Scotland. To this day it is the most polutated stretch of water in the world. Hey peace is a high price. Will from Scotland.
- MoondoggyLv 71 decade ago
You need to look at your textbook. This is a very subjective question - it's like asking "what number is my history teacher thinking of?" The text will actually have a list of the 10 issues that you are supposed to know. There were hundreds of important aspects of the cold war - different textbooks will emphasize different aspects. If you want a good grade, you need to figure out what your textbook emphasizes.
- WayneLv 61 decade ago
- 1 decade ago
1. it was cold
2. people died
thats about it