President from: April 12, 1945 - January 20, 1953 ... Democrat ...
Major Domestic Policy:
During Truman's term, the Presidential Succession Act was passed, which stated that if both the President and the Vice-President were to die, then the next person in office, which is the Speaker of the House, would assume responsibility of Presidency. This act came about when people began to fear the nuclear weapons and wondered what would happen if both the President and the Vice-President were to be killed.
Due to the passage of the Wagner-Connery Act, employers were not scared of the power the employees had. The Taft-Hartley Act of 1947 was passed making a turning point in the power of the workers. Now, certain union practices were not allowed and employers had a chance of being sued if they were subject to a breach contract. Also, Union members were forced to take an oath in order to show that they were not affiliated with the communist party.
The United States began to worry over Communism due to the fact that the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics took over Eastern Europe.
This caused a The Second Red Scare and was led by Republican Senator Joseph McCarthy. Although McCarthy did not have any empirical facts, he based his sayings on peoples fear. For the next four years McCarthy was one of the most powerful men in Washington as he developed a personal and political approach that has become known as McCarthyism: Bullying attacks and accusations, sneeringly anti-communist and anti-intellectual, with a tendency to brand anyone who disagreed with him as disloyal, un-American or a secret communist sympathizer. he was an irresponsible witch-hunter who was undermining the nation's traditions of civil liberties. The persecution of innocent persons on the charge of being communists and the forced conformity that this practice engendered in American public life. In the televised hearings that followed, McCarthy's name-calling and browbeating tactics came off as mean-spirited and crude. His Republican colleagues were torn between fear of his prowess and willingness to use his attacks on President Harry Truman, Secretary of State Dean Acheson, and former Secretary of State George Marshall.
Truman's term also consisted of the Fair Deal in order to bring economic reform to the United States. He stated "Every segment of our population, and every individual, has a right to expect from his government a fair deal."
One of Truman's major accomplishments under the Fair Deal was the Housing Act of 1949. This Act took federal funds in order to build public housing and urban renewal.
Also passed by Truman was the Social Security Act of 1950, which expanded Social Security to cover older age citizens.
Truman also supported Civil Rights, which led to him stating "Every man should have the right to a decent home, the right to an education, the right to adequate medical care, the right to a worthwhile job, the right to an equal share in the making of public decisions through the ballot, and the right to a fair trial in a fair court." The
Armed forces desegregated in 1948.
· 9 years ago