could someone please explain the different political parties during Nazi Germany?
I have a history exam on Nazi Germany 1933-39 tomorrow, but I'm really struggling to understand the political side of it. I've never been taught what party does what, or it's ideology. Communism, conservative, socialism, all this and more - could someone briefly and simply explain the general politics for this period was? I'm revising but obviously I don't know very much about the political side, which I know is vital. Any help/information would be great - Wikipedia uses far too much jargon!
Thanks very much xxx
I know that there was only one party during their reign, but beforehand, like I don't understand all the different party's ideology and what exactly Hitler abolished when he secured himself as the only party.
- Anonymous10 years agoBest Answer
Well in the Weimar Republic, the democratic period preceeding Nazi Germany, there where a variety of political parties at work. Some of the more important ones were:
The German National People's Party (DVNP) - a rightwing conservative party with monarchist leanings, gradually moved from a aristocratic base to a more populist nationalist one - they were moderate nationalists who attempted to reign in the Nazis on several occasions in an attempt to form a right wing coalition.
Social Democratic Party of Germany (SDP) - a moderate left-wing party opposed to the hardline revolutionary attitude of communism and dedicated to further socialist principles, they played a central role in Weimar government and formed several coalitions with minor parties. Where the largest party before the rise of NSDAP and then became the second largest.
Communist Party (KPD) - as it says in the name, a Marxist party committed to the overthrow of the capitalist system and the installation of a communist state. They commanded just over 10% of the vote which usually put them in the top 4 or so parties in elections - they were also the biggest Communist party outside of Russia.
There where also a variety of centrist and classically liberal parties such as the Centre Part (Z), German Democratic Party (DDP), German People's Party (DVP), Bavarian People's Party (BVP) and the Reich Party of the Middle Class (WP).
Essentially in Weimar Germany there where a lot of different political organizations competing for votes, many of them with relatively the same political platform - this meant that even the largest parties couldn't muster a clear majority. When the Nazi's secured 43.9% of the vote in 1933 this was the largest number of votes any single party had won since the start of the republic - the SPD, who were usually the largest party, usually struggled just under the 30% mark.
Because of this Weimar was ruled continually by unstable coalition governments that where usually brought down by disagreements between the various component parties and other political pressures.
- AndreaLv 44 years ago
The Lord has had different policies over the years. Each case is different. He commanded Moses to kill every man, women and child in Canaan. He commanded the Jews to support the Roman soldiers, when compelled to do so. Missionaries in pre-World War II Germany were told to warn the inhabitants that if they didn't repent, fire would rain down from heaven. Revelation is the only way to know what God's plans are. The church without revelation has only the arm of man to rely upon.
- 10 years ago
As far as I know, once Hitler and the National Socialist Party (Nazi Party) other political parties were banned out right. However they still existed unofficially, the Nazi party made a big deal over communists and put a lot into finding them and those communists they arrested were sent to concentration camps along with other 'undesirables'
I know that's not much but I hope it helps!
- IanLv 710 years ago
See the link to Spartacus. The 1933 election results are shown for each of the main political parties and they are linked to articles explaining who they were. This was the last free election and once Hitler took power he quickly took steps to ban the other parties. Any Communists and Socialists who had not already fled were arrested and sent to the Concentration Camps in June1933.
The Communist Party, linked to the Russian Communists. They wanted a soviet style socialist government. They had twice attempted to seize power. Had their own militia and fought for control of parts of the big cities with the Socialists and Nazis. Leadership had gone underground.
Socialist Party. Democratic socialists. Wanted better workers' rights and social security. Favoured nationalisation of the main industries. Staunch supporters of the Weimar Constitution they had called in the army to suppress Communist uprisings. They had been part of most of the coalition governments since 1918. Had their own militia, but it was nowhere nearly as effective as the Communists and Nazis as the Socialists were basically law-abiding. The leadership was already in exile in anticipation of the Nazi victory.
Catholic Centre Party. Set up to defend Catholic interests it was largely a conservative party, although it did give some support to social and industrial rights for the workers. It included left, moderate and far right elements, and had been part of almost every coalition government. Under Chancellor Bruning it governed mostly by decree the centrist parties having no majority. The Pope and the German Bishops were careful not to openly oppose Hitler's anti-Semitism, although privately they were against it. The Centre Party followed the same line. Von Papen from the right-wing of the Centre Party was made Chancellor against the wishes of his own Party by President Hindenberg, and helped to pave the way for Hitler.
The BVP or Barvarian People's Party were linked to the Catholic Centre Party but wanted more autonomy for the states. Generally on the conservative wing.
Nationalist Party. Right-wing party opposed to the Treaty of Versailles and the Weimar Constitution. Funded by major industrialist Alfred Hugenberg of Krupps. who also gave money to Hitler and supported his policies. Anti-trades unions, and workers' rights.
NSDAP (Nazis). Extreme right-wing party led by Adolf Hitler. Opposed to Treaty of Versailles and the Weimar Constitution. Violently opposed to Communists and Socialists. Had its own militia the Brown Shirts. Supported a kind of socialism, but one where everyone had to obey the leader. Very militaristic.
Deutsche Staatspartei. The left wing of the liberals. Democratic, Republican, Nationalist (anti-Versailles) but to the left on social policies. Supported by academics, Jews and progressives.
German People's Party. The right wing of the liberals. Democratic, Republican, Christian, Nationalist (anti-Verasilles), to the right on social policies. Classic free market liberals.
Both wings of the liberal movement participated in the many post-war governments. Despite their nationalism they were in favour of minority rights and international co-operation. The Liberals formed into different parties several times after 1918 until banned in 1933.
Hope this helps
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- CanuteLv 610 years ago
In Nazi Germany, there was only one party: the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), known to non-members as the Nazi party.