what was the freedom rides in 1961?
I have this explanation, but it confuses me, could you make it simpler, or just give me your explanation.
In 1961, busloads of people were waged a cross-country campaign to try to end the segregation of bus terminals. The non-violent protest was brutally received at many stops - President Kennedy ordered Federal Marshals to escort James Meredith, the first black student to enroll at University of Mississippi. A riot broke out and before the National Guard arrived to reinforce the marshals, two students were killed.
- staisilLv 710 years agoFavorite Answer
The Freedom Rides were a series of student political protests performed in 1961 as part of the US civil rights movement. Student volunteers, African-American and white, called Freedom Riders rode in interstate buses into the pro-segregationist U.S. South to test the 1960 United States Supreme Court decision Boynton v. Virginia 364 U.S. 454 that outlawed racial segregation in interstate public facilities, including bus stations. The rides were organized by activists from the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) as well as the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). They followed on the heels of dramatic sit-ins against segregation held by students and youth throughout the U.S. South the previous year.
The names of the riders included James L. Farmer, William Mahoney, John Lewis, James Zwerg, James Peck, Frederick Leonard, Diane Nash, and William Sloan Coffin, among others.
Technically, the Riders were not engaging in civil disobedience since they had the clear legal right to disregard any segregation rules in the states they visited concerning interstate public facilities. However, the volunteers still had to use their doctrine of nonviolent resistance in facing both mob violence and mass arrest by authorities who were determined to stop this protest. Meanwhile, the Federal Government was criticized for not giving a concerted effort to protect the riders. Eventually, the publicity resulting from the rides and the violent reaction to them led to a stricter enforcement of the earlier Supreme Court decision.
The activists in the campaign gained credibility among blacks in rural communities of the South, who were impressed by the riders' determination and heroism in the face of great danger. This credibility helped many of the subsequent Civil Rights campaigns, including campaigns for voter registration, freedom schools, and electoral campaigns.
This site has good information.Source(s): http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAfreedomR.h... http://www.watson.org/~lisa/blackhistory/civilrigh...
- Anonymous10 years ago
In 1961 the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) organized black and white volunteers to travel together on buses and trains into the Deep South in order to challenge segregation laws.