Did the UN have any authority which allows it to create Israel in 1948?
- Michael AngeloLv 41 decade agoFavorite Answer
On 29 November 1947 the UN General Assembly resolved by a two thirds majority, to endorse the Partition Plan of Palestine into Jewish and Arab state. The vote to endorse the Partition Plan was resulted from the Zionist organized pressure on UN members. On the opening day of the UN session on Palestine in November 1947, the delegate from the Philippines declared:
"The issue is whether the United Nations should accept responsibility for the enforcement of a policy which clearly repugnant to the valid nationalist aspirations of the people of Palestine. The Philippines government holds that United Nations has the right no to accept such responsibility"
2 days later the Philippine delegate was recalled from his post. A phone call from US officials to president Roax of the Philippines had reserved the Philippine position on Palestine. Congressman Sol Bloom, a Zionist and chairman of the US House Foreign Committee, helped out in applying pressure on the Philippine delegate. The former US central Intelligence Agency official Kermit Roosevelt wrote: "The Zionists took the fight into their own hands. Rallying a group of influential Americans and selecting their targets with care, they exerted all possible influence...6 countries which had indicated their intention of voting against partition were chosen targets"
The delegates of these 6 countries (Haiti, Liberia, Philippines, China, Ethiopia, and Greece and their home governments were swamped with letters, telegrams, and visits from US Congressmen and others who invoked the name and Prestige of the US government. Columnist Drew Pearson reported that: "President Truman cracked down harder on his State Department than ever before to swing the United Nation's vote for the partition of Palestine"
The Western powers who dominated the UN at the time, were so determined to create a Jewish state that when the Arab states recommended that the question of United Nations jurisdiction which was in question, be referred to the International Court of Justice, they voted down the recommendation.
It should be noted that the Plan was adopted by the General Assembly, not the Security Council. Resolution of the General Assembly have the force of recommendations to member states of the Unites Nations but do not (unlike those of the Security Council) have any mandatory force.Therefore, the UN General Assembly vote to accept the recommendations of UNSCOP to partition Palestine into Jewish and Arab state did not mean that one or another state was being created over the objection of one of the parties. The UN General Assembly vote was not an override of the Arab rejection. The major reason why Arabs rejected the partition resolution was on the ground of fairness. It is proposed to give the minority an exclusive right to the majority of the land. In 1964, the total population of Palestine amounted to 1 972 000 inhabitants, compromising 1 203 000 Muslims, 145 000 Christians, 608 000 Jews and 16 000 others. The Jewish population was composed of foreign immigrants mostly from Eastern Europe. Only one third of them had acquired Palestinian citizenship and only one tenth of the Jewish population were part of the original inhabitants and belonged to the country. According to the government of Palestine's village statistics; Jews owned 1491 squares kilometers which mean 5.6% of total lands (exclusive of urban property) out of a total 26,323 which was owned by the Palestinians (including all the areas whic were public domain.)
The partition also violated the principle of self-determination of peoples recognized by Article of the United Nations Charter. The carving out of 55% of Palestine for the creation of a Jewish state and the subjection of part of the original inhabitants (who were not Jewish) to its domination was a violation of this principle. Palestine's detachment from Ottoman Turkey and the recognition of its independent status by Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations made it a separate state, although not an independent one. Although Palestine, in 1947 was still subject de facto to a mandate that had legally terminated as a result of the dissolution of the League of Nations, it did not affect its statehood or the sovereignty of its people, so the question of its future government was a matter that fell exclusively within its domestic jurisdiction and could not become subject to adjudication by United Nations. So the UN General Assembly was no competent to create Israel. And the League of Nations mandate to the British was not competent under international law to partition or otherwise dispose of the territory of Palestine against the wishes of the clear majority of its inhabitants.Source(s): -Alferd Lilienthal -There goes the Middle East p.6 -The Partition of Palestine: a Lesson in Pressure Politics p.13-16 -(Ronald Storrs Oriantations, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1945, p.340 and Lord Islington, address to the House of Lords, Hansard, 21 June 1922, p. 1002) -(UN document A/AC 14/32, 11 November 1947, p 3004).
- charlestonLv 44 years ago
the U. S. neither has the criminal duty nor the main suitable to "enable" Israel to do something. they're a sovereign united states of america, time-honored in 1948 with the approval of the United countries. the reality that we in many cases help them is by using any type of aspects, inclusive of the reality that we comprehend them extra acceptable than the Muslims, besides via fact the reality that no person suggested lots whilst Hitler become killing them. From the 1st actual day they have been waiting to stay facet via facet with the "Palestinians" yet as a exchange they had to combat for his or her lives daily. The have been attacked on all facets, and the religious and political leaders of the section inspired the "Palestinians" to go away their properties and become everlasting refugees. people who stayed have been afforded complete Israeli citizenship, without the criminal duty to serve interior the protection tension that's standard for something of the rustic. The land they took interior the 'six day conflict' become meant to create a extra defensible barrier against further assaults.
- 1 decade ago
The same authority that allowed European countries to unjustly colonize other people. The creation of Israel was the first time a religious document was used in a legal setting. What a joke...
- shitake555Lv 51 decade ago
@Modest the prince
The term Ashkenazi Jew in hebrew means. Jewish person FROM Ashkenaz. Or in other words, A jewish person who comes from the lands of Ashkenaz. So does Eastern Jew mean, a Jew that came from the eastern lands.
As for the question, In 1947 there was a vote in the UN in which 33 countries said yes, 13 countries said no and there were 10 abstentions.
In favor, (33 countries, 59%):
33 countries in favour:
Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Belorussian SSR, Canada, Costa Rica, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, France, Guatemala, Iceland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Sweden, South Africa, Ukrainian SSR, United States of America, Soviet Union, Uruguay, Venezuela, Haiti, Liberia, Philippines.
Against, (13 countries, 23%):
Afghanistan, Cuba, Egypt, Greece, India, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, Yemen.
Abstentions, (10 countries, 18%):
Argentina, Chile, Republic of China, Colombia, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Honduras, Mexico, United Kingdom, Yugoslavia.
Absent, (1 countries, 0%):
If this is enough authority to allow for the creations of Israel in 1948, its completely up to you my friend.
- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
I am not sure on what basis did the UN decided to pull out the Palestinians from parts of Palestine to give room to Jews.
Need to be thoroughly investigated!
- Anonymous1 decade ago
The answer is Yes.
But the date is wrong...
League of Nations decided to create 5 new states in the Middle East in 1924.
That's how Egypt, Syria, lebanon, Jordan and Israel were created.
The historic Palestine was divided.
Arabs got East Palestine (78% of historic) which is called today Jordan. Jordan never existed before.
Jews got West Palestine, including West Bank (the real name is Judea) and Gaza (22% of historic). But even this Arabs try to steal.
- 1 decade ago
Israel was created long before 1948. In the bible, it was originally called the land of Canaan, but later changed to Israel. When GOD changed Jacob's name to Israel and gave his seed that land it was before 1948. The bible says so. The funniest thing is that the bible also says that Ashkenaz is gentiles too. In Genesis 10, it says that Ashkenaz make up the isles of the gentiles.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
The UN also created a muslim state in asia called Pakistan. This involved a transfer of the muslim population of India to the newly created state of Pakistan and moved non-muslims into India.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Yes it did.