Why did Andrew Jackson evict the Native Americans?
I understand he is responsible for The Indian Removal Act and The Trail of Tears, but why did he do it? Jackson was the people's president and seemed to do things for support. But, I don't understand what he or America had to gain from this legislation. It's a huge scar on America but there seems to be no rhyme or reason why this happened :(
- FoxesLv 61 decade agoFavorite Answer
The State of Georgia wanted to evict the Cherokee tribes from treaty land because gold had been discovered on it.
The Cherokee tribe took the matter to the Supreme Court, where then Chief Justice John Marshall presided.
The case, Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 30 US 1 (1831), was dismissed for lack of original jurisdiction because the Supreme Court determined the Cherokee Nation and United States were like two separate nations, with the Cherokee's status that of a "denominated domestic dependent nation," which the federal government was obligated to protect. In Worcester v. Georgia, (1832) Chief Justice John Marshall stated that Georgia had no legal right to interfere with the Cherokee and held that the Native Americans were not bound by Georgia law while on their own land. In the Court's opinion the territory under Cherokee occupation would have passed to the United States government following the British defeat in the Revolutionary War, and that the Cherokee Nation was not a state but a "denominated domestic dependent nation." This created an implied obligation for the federal government to defend the Native Americans against Georgia, but Jackson ignored Marshall's suggestion.
While this may appear to grant the Cherokee a right to remain on tribal land, the ruling only applied to the state of Georgia. The Court lacked jurisdiction to force the United States to defend Cherokee land because the United States was not party to the case, and the question before the Court related to the fate of imprisoned missionaries (Worcester, et al.), and whether the State of Georgia had a right to make laws regulating the use of Cherokee land, not removal.
Unfortunately, the decision couldn't reach the broader issue regarding Georgia's and Congress' determination to evict the Cherokee, so any allegations that the Supreme Court determined the Cherokee could remain on their land is a misinterpretation of the case.
Jackson didn't like the Supreme Court's ruling, but negotiated with the Governor of Georgia for the missionaries' pardon.
Jackson was a staunch proponent of Indian removal because, in his view, the Indian land was a valuable commodity, and their occupation stood in the way of progress. The United States had already appropriated more than 22 million acres of land from the Creek (1814) and Seminole (1818) nations by use of military force. An earlier Supreme Court ruling, Johnson v. M'Intosh (1823), validated this practice, while the Worcester ruling seemed to condemn it, supporting, instead, Native American rights.
Both Jackson and the state of Georgia ignored the Court's ruling about Georgia law being inapplicable in Native American territory.
The US government was ultimately responsible for the Cherokee being removed from Georgia as a result of the Treaty of New Echota, ratified in 1836. Congress offered the Native Americans $5 million and land 1,000 miles away in Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) in exchange for their Southern land. An unauthorized faction within the Cherokee Nation agreed to the Treaty, but the elected Cherokee officials protested to Congress. Congress ignored them.
President Van Buren, Jackson's cohort and successor, ordered federal troops to force some 15,000 Cherokees to leave Georgia in winter, leading to what became known as the Trail of Tears for the many who died en route.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Jackson was a racist intent on the genocide of Native Americans. Before becoming President his military career consisted of illegal, but successful raids into their territory on extermination missions. Nothing was done to dis-abuse him of this practice because of southern racist support for him. The Indian Removal act was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, he ignored the ruling and went ahead with his genocidal policies. This is the only time a President has defied the Court.
- newhamLv 44 years ago
i've got examine a number of of biographies approximately Andrew Jackson, and that i'll place this interior the simplest way I in all probability can. this is considerable to word that Pres. Jackson grow to be a manufactured from his environment, that's to assert he grow to be conditioned from a youthful age to work out the Indians and the British as enemies and not plenty else. To proceed, Cherokee u . s . v. Georgia (1831) common that the removal of the Indian international locations by rigidity grow to be unlawful, yet Jackson desperate, stated in reaction, "John Marshall has made his selection. Now permit him implement it." besides, Jackson had the Natives moved in what's colloquially easy because of the fact the direction of Tears. Jackson easily theory he grow to be doing the superb for the Indians, because of the fact the Indian removal Act negotiated treaties that should have the Indians exchange their lands east of the Mississippi for lands to the west of it. He has approximately 40 six,000 Indians bumped off in his time as President. purely a word even with the undeniable fact that- Jackson is a very exciting individual, and that i could advise you learn him.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
In a nutshell, Jackson saw the need for land for the growing American population. Plus he saw the constant bickering and killing brought forth by both settlers and Indians. He felt the only way to stop the bloodshed was to force the Indians out, even though some of these people had fought by his side in the War of 1812.
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- 1 decade ago
basically the native americans were in the way and an eyesore to the white people. americans wanted the land because it was good for getting gold and wood and other money makers. and we all know you need money to do anything. and dont forget even though he was president there were others pushing for thier removal too.