There is no movement of Judaism known as "Messianic Judaism" because ALL of Judaism *is* a messianic religion. Judaism *is* unified in faith as evidenced by our shared affirmations of faith, ethical precepts, and prayers in synagogues around the world. The world’s Jews may often bicker over how to best observe the laws and customs, but we worship the same God and have the same Scriptures. That no other covenant, deity, or entity is acceptable to be called Judaism also readily evident in thousands of postings here in Yahoo by Jews of every movement and from five continents. The New Testament doctrine, redefined and changed both the concepts of the nature of God, and the nature/definition/role of the Davidic messiah, and it's very name and purpose is to replace the eternal covenant, with their "new" covenant. It isn't Judaism. Hebraicising the NT and imposing dogma forbidden by Torah/law into Jewish custom and holy obsrvances with use of Hebrew terms and Jewsh symbols does not transorm those practices or beliefs into Judaism or Torah observant, any more than someone who might insist that taking the beliefs of Odin worship or worship of Krishna or Vishnu and imposing them into Christian holy days or observances would render those forms of worship as Christianity.
The "Messianic Jews" are not a movement of Judaism. Jews the world over are unified in acknowledging this fact. If you doubt this, contact any synagogue of any movement anywhere in the world and ask them directly. As others have noted, very few among them are apostates. It is NOT a schism from within Judaism and it is not funded by or supported by any Jewish organization on the planet.
Excerpts from just a SAMPLING of official Position Statements: ( I won’t repeat the excerpts given D Aravah's great answer that I say DITTO to all)
In 1993, the Task Force on Missionaries and Cults of the Jewish Community Relations Council of New York (JCRCNY) issued a statement which has been endorsed by the four major Jewish denominations: Orthodox Judaism, Conservative Judaism, Reform Judaism, and Reconstructionist Judaism, as well as national Jewish organizations.:
"Though Hebrew Christianity claims to be a form of Judaism, it is not ... It deceptively uses the sacred symbols of Jewish observance ... as a cover to convert Jews to Christianity, a belief system antithetical to Judaism ... Hebrew Christians are in radical conflict with the communal interests and the destiny of the Jewish people. They have crossed an unbridgeable chasm by accepting another religion."
...there is no place for so-called Messianic Jews or Hebrew-Christians within our congregations and within the Jewish community."Hebrew Christian, Jewish Christian, Jew for Jesus, Messianic Jew, Fulfilled Jew. The name may have changed over the course of time, but all of the names reflect the same phenomenon: one who asserts that s/he is straddling the theological fence between Christianity and Judaism, but in truth is firmly on the Christian side.…we must affirm as did the Israeli Supreme Court in the well-known Brother Daniel case that to adopt Christianity is to have crossed the line out of the Jewish community."by Rabbi Jonathan Waxman, United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism
"What is ALEPH's position on so called messianic Judaism? ALEPH has a policy of respect for other spiritual traditions, but objects to deceptive practices and will not collaborate with denominations which actively target Jews for recruitment. Our position on so-called "Messianic Judaism" is that it is Christianity and its proponents would be more honest to call it that."Position statement of ALEPH the Allianced for Jewish Renewal
*Canadian B'nai Brith:
"One of the more alarming trends in antisemitic activity in Canada in 1998 was the growing number of incidents involving messianic organizations posing as "synagogues". These missionizing organizations are in fact evangelical Christian proselytizing groups, whose purpose is specifically to target members of the Jewish community for conversion. They fraudulently represent themselves as Jews, and these so-called synagogues are elaborately disguised Christian churches."
*Orthodox Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan, writing for the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America, wrote:
'Christianity negates the fundamentals of Jewish faith, and one who accepts it rejects the very essence of Judaism. Even if he continues to keep all of the rituals, it is the same as if he abandoned Judaism completely.
A Rabbi in the later Middle Ages named the Hai Gaon, as quoted by Aderet in Responsa, VII #292, stated that a Jew who converted out of the faith was no longer a Jew. This was shared by numerous rabbis, which can be seen in the Responsa literature of Simon ben Zemah of Duran, Samuel de Medina, Judah Berab, Jacob Berab, Moses ben Elias Kapsali, and others in the Middle Ages.
Most recently this can also be seen in the Responsa of the Satmar Rov in his Divrei Torah, Yoreh Deah #59, paragraph 5, as well as in the Responsa of Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, Even Haezer Volume 4 Number 53.The very famous rabbi, Moses ben Maimon, called Maimonides, also wrote that if a Jew converted to Christianity, he or she was no longer a Jew. See Maimonides, Hilchot Mamrim Perek 3, Halacha 1-3, as well as in Maimonides's Mishnah Torah, Avodat Kochavim 2:5. Rabbi Moses Isserles demanded a formal conversion back to Judaism for those who converted out of Judaism but who then wanted to return to Judaism. He demanded ritual immersion (mikveh) and repentance before a court of three (beit din). You will see this also in other Responsa literature: Radbaz, Responsa III, 415; Moses Isserles to Yoreh Deah 268.12; and Hoffman, Melamed Leho-il II, 84
Thankfully, there are also INTERFAITH groups that respect the religious freedom and basic human rights of the world’s Jewish people to maintain Jewish law (halacha) to determine Jewish identity in response to identity theft through replacement theology. The Interfaith Conference of Metropolitan Washington met inthe summer of 1997 in Washington D.C.. This group is an umbrella organization that includes Baha'í, Buddhist, Hindu, Jain, Mormon, Zoroastrians, Muslims, Jews, and church groups from the Roman Catholic, Methodist, Baptist, Lutheran and Presbyterian churches. IFC's stated goal is "(1)to increase understanding, dialogue, and a sense of community among persons of different faiths, representing diverse races and cultures, and (2)to address issues of social and economic justice in defense of human dignity."
They created a statement in response to a resolution of the Southern Baptist Convention, the largest Protestant denomination in the United States, calling on its members to redouble their efforts to evangelize Jews. Particularly singled out for criticism was the "Messianic Jewish" movement as promoting activities "harmful to the spirit of interreligious respect and tolerance." The conference denounced “deceptive proselytizing efforts”, though recognizing evangelism is an important tenet of Christian theology due to the Great Commission. The conference stated that when”deceptive proselytizing efforts” were practiced on "vulnerable populations" such as the young or the elderly, these efforts are "tantamount to coerced conversions."“
The Conference concluded with an official statement condemning the proselytization efforts of the “Messianic Movement“ (published in Summer, 1997 "Interfaith Connector" Vol. 8, No. 2) which stated:“We condemn proselytizing efforts which delegitimize the faith tradition of the person whose conversion is being sought. Such tactics go beyond the bounds of appropriate and ethically based religious outreach." "Examples of such practices are those common among groups that have adopted the label of "Hebrew Christianity", "Messianic Judaism", or "'Jews for Jesus".
"These groups specifically target Jews for conversion to their version of Christianity, making claim that in accepting Jesus as the savior/messiah, a Jews 'fulfills' his/her faith.
"Furthermore, by celebrating Jewish festivals, worshipping on the Jewish Shabbat, appropriating Jewish symbols, rituals and prayers in their churches, and, sometimes, even calling their leaders 'Rabbi', they seek to win over, often by deception, many Jews who are sincerely looking for a path back to their ancestral heritage.”
There are very few apostate Jews in the midst of the evangelical New Testament adherent groups who try to hijack Jewish identity with the name of “Messianic Judaism”. There is no separate movement of Judaism called "Messianic" as ALL of Judaism *is* and will always be messianic in nature. Just as it is nonsensical to call any "group" or movement of Judaism monotheistic, it would be likewise to label any individual group messianic. Judaism shall forever remain both monotheistic and messianic in nature as the Torah is eternal and the covenant between God and the covenant nation Israel/ the Jewish people is also eternal
.. It is a principle of the Jewish religion's tenets of faith contain belief in the promises by God of a Davidic messianic age. Judaism is the original messianic religion but it’s concept of messiah has nothing to do with the redefined role of the New Testament. The concept of the nature of God and the nature and role of the Davidic messiah in the Tanakh does not fit the redefined role of the New Testament dogma. Some of these NT evangelical Hebrew Christians have come up with an insulting nonsense term in Yahoo of calling Judaism "non messianic" in a strange attempt to NEGATE the concept of the Davidic messiah of Judaism
It is absurd to call the religion whose Holy Scriptures declare to the world the prophetic vision of the Davidic Messiah and the Messianic Age when all will know God and all will know every other human as brethren, "Non Messianic". Judaism stll adheres to the prophetic vision of the Davidic Messiah given to Klal Yisrael by God in our Holy Scriptures. Desperation to obfuscate the unity of Jews that no other worship or dogma is Judaism is obvious in the absurdly false claims that Judaism accepts every other form of forbidden worship except the NT dogma!
Objective comparison: see *their very own official Statements of Faith* and contrast them with the laws of Judaism and Jewish faith.
http://www.mjaa.org/site/PageServer?page... < from 1915 until 1975 this group, the Messianic Jewish Alliance of America was named the Hebrew Christian Alliance
now compare those to http://jewsforjesus.org/about/statementoffaith
Next, compare and contrast all of the above with
Statements of faith of the Southern Baptists
http://www.sbc.net/aboutus/basicbeliefs.asp < beliefs of Baptists
Beliefs of Judaism