Hinduism- what is the connection between Veda, Upanishadas & Geeta ?
are the complementary to each other or different altogether ?
- Anonymous10 years agoFavorite Answer
A very good question. what are the vedas, upanishads, and geeta ? what are the essense of those i told ? and what is the connection between them ? many many great saints, gurus explained this well.
my answer: These are all oldest scriptures. All the vedas, upanishads and geeta are the teachings to humans. The vedas, Upanishads and also the geeta contain the first and most definitive explications of the divine syllable Aum. All are hindu texts. The connections are knowing knowledge through vedas, practicing through upanishads and following from the geetopadesa. The dharma, karma and yoga.
Explanation: Hinduism has a deserved reputation of being highly tolerant of other religions. Hindus have a saying: "Ekam Sataha Vipraha Bahudha Vadanti," which may be translated: "The truth is One, but different Sages call it by Different Names" This is what the vedas, upanishad and geeta says. The Gita is the cream of the Vedas. It is the essence of the soul-elevating Upanishads. It is a universal scripture applicable to people of all temperaments and for all times.
The most important part of the Mahabharata is the Bhagavad-Gita. It is a marvelous dialogue between Lord Krishna and Arjuna on the battlefield, before the commencement of the great war. Bhagavan Sri Krishna became the charioteer of Arjuna. Sri krishna explained the essentials of Hindu religion to Arjuna. Just as the Upanishads contain the cream of the Vedas, so does the Gita contain the cream of the Upanishads. The Upanishads are the cows. Lord Krishna is the cowherd. Arjuna is the calf. The Gita is the milk. The wise men are those who drink the milk of Gita.
"The goal, which all Vedas declare, which all austerities aim at, and which humans desire when they live a life of continence, I will tell you briefly it is Aum". The key phrase of the Upanishads, to Advaita Vedanta, is "Tat Tvam Asi" . Vedantins believe that in the end, the ultimate, formless, inconceivable Brahman is the same as our soul, Atman. We only have to realize this through discrimination
Hindus organize their lives around certain activities or "purusharthas." These are called the "four aims of Hinduism," or "the doctrine of the fourfold end of life." They are:
The three goals of the "pravritti," those who are in the world, are:
dharma: righteousness in their religious life. This is the most important of the three.
artha: success in their economic life; material prosperity.
kama: gratification of the senses; pleasure; sensual, sexual, and mental enjoyment.
The main goal for the "nivritti," those who renounce the world. is:
moksa: Liberation from "samsara." This is considered the supreme goal of mankind.
Meditation is often practiced, with Yoga being the most common. Other activities include daily devotions, public rituals, and puja, a ceremonial dinner for a God.
more explanations: The Upanishads are regarded as part of the Vedas and as such form part of the Hindu scriptures. They primarily discuss philosophy, meditation, and the nature of God; they form the core spiritual thought of Vedantic Hinduism. Considered as mystic or spiritual contemplations of the Vedas, their putative end and essence, the Upanishads are known as Vedanta ("the end/culmination of the Vedas"). The Upanishads do not belong to a particular period of Sanskrit literature. The oldest, such as the Brhadaranyaka and Chandogya Upanishads, may date to the Brahmana period (roughly before the 31st century BC; before Gita was constructed), while the youngest, depending on the canon used, may date to the medieval or early modern period.
The word Upanishad comes from the Sanskrit verb sad (to sit) and the two prepositions upa and ni (under and at). They are sacred tests of spiritual and philosophical nature. Vedic literature is divided into karmakanda containing Samhitas (hymns) and Brahmanas (commentaries), and gyanakanda containing knowledge in the form of the Aranyakas and Upanishads. Thus each Upanishad is associated with a Veda, Isha-upanishad with Shukla Yajurveda, Kena-upanishad with Samaveda, and so on.
Totally, as per swami sivananda "The Shruti (Vedas) is the root; the Smritis (treatises), Itihasas (epics) and Puranas (history) are the trunk; the Agamas (manuals of worship) and Darshanas (philosophies) are the branches; and the Subhashitas (wisdom tales), Kavyas (poetry), Natakas (dramas) and Alankaras (rhethorics) are the flowers of the tree of India's culture and have connected each other.
hope this will help you and thanks for the opportunity !!!Source(s): my views.
- 10 years ago
The connection between Veda, Upanishadas & Geeta is understood by Brahma Sutras only!
Upanishads are the essence of Vedas. Bhagavad Gita is the essence of Upanishads. Gita itself is called Gita Upanishad.
(1) Vedas, Upanishadas & (2) Geeta:
Yes. They are complementary to each other.
Similar is some aspects.
Seemingly contradictory in few verses.
2) Prasthana Trayam:
(i) Vedas and Upanishads
(iii) Brahma Sutras
Upanishads (Shruti prasthana, the starting point of revelation) and the Bhagavad-Gita (Smriti prasthana, the starting point of remembered tradition) are the basic source texts of Vedanta school.
The Brahma sutras is also known as Vedanta Sutras, constitute the Nyaya prasthana, the logical starting point of the Vedanta philosophy.
No study of Vedanta is considered complete without a close examination of the Prasthana Trayam, the texts that stand as the three starting points.
The Brahma Sutras attempt to reconcile the seemingly contradictory and diverse statements of the various Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita, by placing each teaching in a doctrinal context. The word sutra means thread, and the Brahma sutras literally stitch together the various Vedanta teachings into a logical and self-consistent whole.
The first chapter (Samanvaya: harmony) explains that all the Vedanta texts talk of Brahman, the ultimate reality, which is the goal of life. The very first sutra offers an indication into the nature of the subject matter.
Brahma Sutras 1.1.1:
"athato brahma jijnasa" - Now: therefore the inquiry (into the real nature) of Brahman.
The second chapter of Brahma Sutras (Avirodha: non-conflict) discusses and refutes the possible objections to Vedanta philosophy.
The third chapter (Sadhana: the means) describes the process by which ultimate emancipation can be achieved.
The fourth chapter (Phala: the fruit) talks of the state that is achieved in final emancipation.Source(s): http://www.swargarohan.org/brahma-sutra.htm http://www.astrojyoti.com/scripturesintroduction.h... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahma_Sutras
- Anonymous10 years ago
Haritha has explained it well. In a very simple layman's language it will say
Vedas are the truth seen by our rishis.
Each Rishi then meditated on the truths of Veda and saw the Truth from his own perspective - these are Upanishadas
Shri Krishna gave the gist of all the Upanishadas in one discourse that is -Geeta
So if we understand Geeta well, there is no need to read any other scriptures
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- 10 years ago
Yaseen445 has given quite a comprehensive answer as to what these things are. Now to the connection between these.
Bhagavad Gita is a summary of all the four Vedas.
Upanishads are stand alone and have been composed on the experiences and thinkings of the great sages.
- Aparna M @ divyaLv 710 years ago
All are telling dharma, way of life, teachings. The essense of hinduism are with veda, upanishads and bhagavat geeta.
- Anonymous10 years ago
Upanishad are one of the sacread Scriptures of the Hindu's,
Bhagwad geeta, The most popular amongst all the Hindu Scriptures,
Vead's, are the most sacred amongst all the Hindu Scriptures,There are principally 4 vedas;Rig veda,Yajur veda, Sam veda,and Atharva veda,
But you have Read this books,
And follow the truth, in last and final book?
- 10 years ago
Vedas has 2 parts purva bagam and utara bagam. utara bagam is upanishads and Geeta is saram of Upanishads. I hope you got the connection now
- JaysinhLv 610 years ago
Vedas in Sanskrit mean Vad i.e. to speak. Vedas are original and first utterances of self realised individuals. They ageless, so I individually can not say the language used when talking by such self realised individuals.
Upanishads in Sanskrit means sat near and heard those utterances individually. So those who first heard utterances and have furthered their heard versions and have complied are Upanishads named after that person who sat close and heard.
Gita in Sanskrit means Song. So sung philosophy after s...o many hundreds years is Gita. So Gita is in 'Shloka version which can be sung in rhythm.