Justice asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

(英文文法)這邊的that是插入句嗎?^^

Reducing the building temperature on weekends is a change that we could make immediately, that would cost nothing, and that would cut our energy use by about 6%.

請問句子中" that would cost nothing"

是屬於插入句嗎?

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Hi 插入句絕對不會是that開頭的。因為文法書中有條很死的文法就說死了,那就是在逗號後不能用that來當關代。(當然也是有例外。記得旋元佑的書有例出)。

    先來看

    a change that we could make immediately

    一般來說這種that名詞子句在傳統文法中被稱為「that子句的同位格(同位語)」用法。

    意思就是 a change = that we could make immediately

    當然上面Louis說是形容詞子句,也沒錯啦。有些文法書是拿來當形容詞子句來理解的。(有程度的看官可能會有疑問了,以為我再硬拗騙肖)。

    為什麼我一下說是名詞子句,一下說形容詞子句來理解也可以呢?

    那是因為您可以這樣來理解that子句的同位格用法

    a change that (which is) that we could make immediately.

    這樣子就可以變成關代形容詞子句來理解了。

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    再接回來整個句子的補語部分(此句的後半部)

    a change (which is ) that we could make immediately, that would cost nothing, and that would cut our energy use by about 6%.

    結構上就是

    N ( which is ) A, B, and C.

    A = that we could make immediately

    B = that would cost nothing

    C = that would cut our energy use by about 6%.

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    另外一點,插入句在某些文法書中也被稱為同位格、同位語。說穿了也是從關代的省略而來的。

    ex:

    That authoritative reference, (which is) written by Vingrandz Diocequeen Alexandrite, has been choosen as a textbook for their classes by many professors at universaity.

    插入句的前面一定就是先行詞(文法上要求關代的先行詞盡量和關代靠近,當然也有例外。可是隔太遠造成閱讀上找不到先行詞的句子不會是好句子)。

    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    最後再來看整個句子吧。

    Reducing the building temperature on weekends 主詞

    is 動詞

    a change that we could make immediately, that would cost nothing, and that would cut our energy use by about 6%. 補語

    2010-05-17 01:49:32 補充:

    a change (which is) that we could make immediately 上面筆誤多打一個that。

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Louis is RIGHT over his points of view regarding the subject you're discussing.

  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    Reducing the building temperature on weekends is a change that we could make immediately ,that would cost nothing , andthat would cut our energy use by about 6% .

    這裡沒有插入句,而是三個平行的修飾語(都是形容詞子句)修飾名詞change

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