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What is the significance of the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision? immediate/long term effect?


2 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    The Supreme Court struck a blow against racial segregation, which had been legalized by the 1896 ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson. The decisions were based on interpretations of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. The court ruled that separate but equal was not constitutional.

    "Massive Resistance" to Integration

    In the South and elsewhere, reaction to the Brown decision is swift and negative (in some cases violently so). Virginia is ruled by Senator Harry Byrd's political machine, and he issues a "Southern Manifesto" calling for "Massive Resistance" to school integration. Byrd's "Massive Resistance" strategy to maintain school segregation is widely adopted by school boards and state governments throughout the South, and by 1956 more than 100 southern officeholders have signed the manifesto. In Virginia, for example, the 1954 the Democratic Party gubernatorial campaign platform resolves that, "The state [will] oppose it [integration] with every facility at our command, and with every ounce of our energy."

    In the 50 years since those rulings, African Americans have made significant progress in increasing high school completion numbers, improving academic achievement, increasing college enrollment, and attaining advanced degrees, as well as accessing and integrating employment and the broader society.

  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    It overthrew Plessy v Ferguson (1896) U.S. very best courtroom decision that set up segregation with the separate yet equivalent rule. Segregation develop into now unlawful. A black individual develop into allowed in any public web site. In practice for sure it has taken many years to finish desegregation.

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