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佳真 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

詢問英文小說的文法問題(動詞的問題)

The ball went soaring into the air.球高高地飛入空中

We both watched it go.我們看著球飛走

The kids who were making fun of her watched,too 那些取笑她的小孩也看著

Their mouths were open.嘴還張得大大的

以上內容節錄自"Zack File"

我想請問:一個句子不是只能有一個動詞嗎?

1、句子(2)We both watched it go

watch不就是動詞嗎?

那為什麼「go 未加不定詞或變成動名詞?」

2、句子(3)The kids who were making fun of her "watched",too

were不是be動詞嗎?

那為什麼「watched 未加不定詞或變成動名詞?」

「Watched,too」為什麼不是放在The kids後面?

3、句子(4)Their mouths were open.

were 不是be動詞嗎?

那為什麼「open未加不定詞和變動名詞?」

謝謝~

Update:

非常感謝兩位非常詳盡的解說!著實上了一課

不過,我想再請教關於句子(3)

The kids who were making fun of her watched,too

既然它是由以下兩句組成

A. The kids were making fun of her.孩子們正在取笑她

B The kids watched. 孩子們看到了

那麼是不是由A+B或B+A的順序 組成一個句子都可以呢?

Update 2:

例如:

The kids + {B+ who A}

The kids watched,too who were making fun of her.

或 The kids + {who B + A}

The kids who watched,too were making fun of her.

可以嗎??

Update 3:

The kids who watched, were making fun of her ,too

Geoffery.T 你的意思是:

(1)too 一定要放在該句的最後面嗎??

(2)The kids who watched, were..........

watched後須要加「,」是嗎?

2 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. 句子(2)We both watched it go

    watch不就是動詞嗎?

    那為什麼「go 未加不定詞或變成動名詞?」

    答:"who were making fun of her"稱”關係代名詞子句”

    它是因兩個句子需要整合成一句時所形成

    如本句:

    The kids who were making fun of her watched, too

    A. The kids were making fun of her.孩子們正在取笑她

    B The kids watched. 孩子們看到了

    這兩句要整合成一句就必須使用關係代名詞 who形成的”關係代名詞子句”

    因為make fun of 及watch 這兩種”動作者”都是the kids 整合起來就是=>

    “那些正在取笑她的孩子們也看到這一幕”

    2. The kids were making fun of her .孩子們正在取笑她

    因為是強調過去正在進行的動作 故使用”過去進行式”

    The kids watched. 孩子們看到了

    因只敘述過去的事 ,故用簡單過去式 ”watched”表示”過去看到了”

    3、句子(4)Their mouths were open.

    were 不是be動詞嗎?

    那為什麼「open未加不定詞和變動名詞?」

    答:因其中”open 是”形容詞” 不是 "動詞" 所以該句是

    S+be+adj 的句型

    與1.The door was open when I came across to him.

    當我向他走去時,房門是開的

    2 My heart is always open to anybody who needs help.

    我的心永遠為需要幫助的人敞開 .

    以上,希望能幫到你!

    2010-05-05 17:42:28 補充:

    The kids who watched, were making fun of her ,too.

    顛倒過來是合文法的

    不過意思有差

    這時要譯成=>

    "看到這一幕的孩子們也正在嘲弄她"

    也就是說,關係代名詞子句具形容其"所替代主詞"之功用

    2010-05-05 17:49:50 補充:

    在關係子句中,關係代名詞是動詞的主詞 (記住:所有子句都有主詞與動詞的關係)且與該子句前面的人事物有關。

    2010-05-06 11:16:06 補充:

    對的!

    2010-05-06 11:23:55 補充:

    The kids who watched were making fun of her ,too

    這樣也可以

    Source(s): Geoffery T.的意見, g.t, http://www.cybertranslator.idv.tw/grammar/clauses....
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  • 老登
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    1、句子(2)We both watched it go

    watch不就是動詞嗎?

    那為什麼「go 未加不定詞或變成動名詞?」

    原本是 We both watched it to go.

    但 因 watch 是感官動詞,所以後面的 to 要省略

    2、句子(3)The kids who were making fun of her "watched",too

    were不是be動詞嗎?

    那為什麼「watched 未加不定詞或變成動名詞?」

    「Watched,too」為什麼不是放在The kids後面?

    who were making fun of her 是子句,形容前面的 the kids ,所以放在 kids 的後面, 意為: 取笑她的孩子們

    主要句子是: The kids watched, too.: 事情的發生要用過去式.

    3、句子(4)Their mouths were open.

    were 不是be動詞嗎?

    那為什麼「open未加不定詞和變動名詞?」

    ope n 在這裡當形容詞用.

    你好像對不定詞to 和動名詞ing 有一點混淆;

    一般來講,你可以把要做還沒做的用 to

    已經做的用ing 可能會比較清楚一些

    希望有幫助喔!

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