he formation of the new Testament
The formation of the New Testament was a process,extending over at least two centuries,in the course of which the oral teaching and preaching of Jesus and the apostles,(1)was recorded in written form and was circulated among the Christian churches,(2)was accepted by these churches in certain formulations and not in others,(3)was regarded first as the key to the Old Testament,then as equal to it in authority,and(4) came to be regarded as inspired "scripture". The process took place within the Christian communities during the period in which greater clarity and precision
were achieved in relation to doctrine,discipline,and worship.The New Testament books came to be regarded as providing norms for doctrine and guidance for Christian behavior;they were read in the course of Christian worship.This situation made it necessary for the churches to determine exactly what was in the New Testament and what was not.There was little doubt about most of the books supposed to have been written by the apostles and their disciples,although members of various sects often rejected individual documents or groups of documents.Gnostics,for example,almost invariably rejected the Pastoral Epistles,since in them something much like Gnosticism was being attacked.The conservative Jewish-Christian Ebionites accepted none of the Pauline epistles.
At the other extreme (perhaps),conservative opponents of Montanist prophecy criticized the Gospel of John and Revelation,since the Montanists Christians regarded as authoritative four gospels,thirteen Pauline epistles,I Prter,I John,and Revelation(sometimes also the book of Acts).
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
形成的新約聖經是一個過程，延長了至少兩個世紀，在這一過程中，口頭說教的教學和耶穌和使徒，（1）以書面形式記錄並分發給基督教教堂，（ 2）接受了這些教會在某些提法，而不是在其他國家，（三）被認為首先是關鍵的舊約，那麼它在作為平等的權力，和（4）就被視為靈感的“經文” 。這一過程發生在基督教社區期間，在較大程度的清晰度和精確度
在取得了有關原則，紀律，worship.The新約書籍就被視為對提供規範和指導原則為基督徒的行為，他們在閱讀過程中的基督教worship.This情況使得有必要為教會確定究竟是在新約，是什麼 not.There是毫無疑問的書籍最為關注的應該已被寫入由宗徒和他們的弟子，儘管各教派的成員往往拒絕接受個人或團體 documents.Gnostics文件，例如，幾乎無一例外地拒絕了牧區書信，因為在他們的東西，很像諾斯替主義被attacked.The保守猶太教和基督教以便尼派都不接受的寶蓮書信。
- 1 decade ago