where can i find a primary resource of the ottoman empire during ww1?
where can i find a primary resource of the ottoman empire during ww1? it was due today and my teacher told me i found the wrong one and i looked all yesterday and all today, please send me the links of some, i need primary resources like letters, diary entries, journals, news letters from that time period ect. please help!
- Charles KLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
The Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers to form the Triple Alliance with the signing of the August 1914 Turco-German Alliance. Turkey formally entered World War I on 28 October 1914 with the bombing of Russian Black Sea ports. The Triple Entente, or Allied Powers, declared war on the Ottoman Empire on November 4.
Two major factors led to Ottoman involvement on the side of the Central Powers: German pressure and the opportunism of Turkish minister of war Enver Pasha. Other motives for joining the Central Powers were the German victories early in the War and Turkey's friction with the Triple Entente. Germany's aim was clear: to keep Turkey from joining the enemy (and by gaining Ottoman support, encourage Romania and Bulgaria to enter the Alliance). The German military mission of 1913 to Turkey under Liman von Sanders organized the Turkish army and navy under German leadership and brought forth the Turco-German Alliance. The secret treaty (only five people in Turkey were aware of it, one being Enver Pasha) was signed 2 August 1914.
The Allies had strategic interests in the Turkish Straits but failed to provide a coherent defense of Turkey from Germany. To that extent, Turkey was driven into the Turco-German alliance; but Turkish leadership, fearful of disintegration of the Ottoman Empire, was divided on a course of action. Turkish ambassador in Paris Rifat Pasha advised that neither side would hesitate to dismantle the Empire. According to Rifat, Germany was not as strong as Enver Pasha perceived and considered Turkey to be merely a pawn. Nonetheless, Enver Pasha defied Rifat's pleas to avoid alliance with either side and took what he saw as an opportunity to claim a victory in war.More..........
http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/easteurope/turk... ----------- Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire World War I, 1914–1918
At the outbreak of the war Ottoman government declared neutrality with the "Notification of Neutrality" on August 18, 1914. On September 10 Grand Vizier Said Halim Pasha annulled the Capitulations, which ended the special privileges they granted to foreign nationals.
On September 28 the Turkish Straits were closed to naval traffic. The Straits were vital for Russian commerce and for communications between the Western Allies and Russia.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dissolution_of_the_Ot... ------------- The Ottoman Empire called for a military jihad against France, Russia and Great Britain in November 1914. How did this affect subsequent Allied campaigns in the Middle East? David Woodward charts the demise of an empire and a dramatic shift in the region's balance of power.
More.....................http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/middl... -------- In 1914 the Ottoman Empire contained an estimated 25 million people. Although there were 14 million Turks, there was also large Arab, Assyrians, Armenian, Kurdish, Greek and Circassion minorities within the Empire. As a result, there existed nationalist, separatist movements in several areas of the territory under the control of the Turks. More...............
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWinTurkey.h... --------- World War I: Ottoman Empire http://histclo.com/essay/war/ww1/cou/w1c-tur.html The Ottoman Empire which was heavily courted by Germany had been hard-pressed by Russia saw the opportunity to win back lost territory and joined the Central Powers. The Ottomans entered the War after the Western Front had settled down to static trench warfare, but the Germans had achieved major victories against the Russians on the Eastern Front. The Ottomons declared war on Russia on October 29, 1914. The first operation was a combined German-Turkish bombardment of Russian Black Sea ports. Russia and Britain and France quickly declared war on Turkey (November 2-5). The first Ottoman offensive was aimed at the Russian Caucauses (December). After initial successes, the Russiand retook much lost ground (August 1915). Russian pleas for assistance was one of the factors leading to the dusastrous Allied offensive at Galipoli (February 15). The Turkish forces at Galipoli were commanded by Mustafa Kemal who later as Kemal Attaturk was to found the Turkish Republic. After heavy losses of both ships and men, the Allies withdrew (December 1915). Beritish Indian forces launched an offensive against Turkish held Mesopotamia (late 1914). More.................http://histclo.com/essay/war/ww1/cou/w1c-tur.html
- 4 years ago
It really shows how much you know of history of your country! Its a very complex question and mixing everything together, a whole book should discuss the answer! I know you can't find these kind of books in the most free republic of our world, Turkey. But these books study exactly your answer. Istanbul and civilization of Ottoman empire (Bernard Lewis) The Armenian Genocide (Esmaeel Raeen) (Second one written by an Iranian writer) sorry I couldn't type it all!