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Anonymous asked in HealthDiseases & ConditionsOther - Diseases · 1 decade ago

are essential tremors similar to Parkinson's Disease?

i just wanted to know, they sound similar

2 Answers

  • Mags
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Good question.

    One problem is that a tremor is frightening and the initial reaction is going to be similar. The longer one stays in denial, the easier it is not to have to put a name to the condition.

    Begin with an important difference - the initial area of the brain where the diseases are thought to originate. ET is thought to begin in the thalamus while PD is thought to originate in the substantia nigra pars compact of the basal ganglia.

    There are many unknowns and not clearly understood issues in both conditions. Genetics is thought to be responsible for Essential Tremor in about 50% of the cases. At this point only about 15-20% of PD is thought to be genetic. ET is the most common movement disorder.

    Essential tremor is similar in a way to Parkinson's tremors in that both usually do not occur when the patient is asleep. ET tremors are unlike PD tremors which can keep a person from sleeping because it is the sleep state itself during which the symptoms sleep also to an extent. In neither condition is the tremor anything but involuntary.

    In Essential tremor the tremor can be postural, action, intentional tremor. There are a few more types but lets focus on these. In ET the postural tremor can occur when a limb - often the arm - is fully extended. It can also occur as a person is performing some action with the hand. These tremors can be mild or so extreme that the person cannot drink from a cup or glass. They can alter handwriting and can prevent it. The tremors can affect small motor skills of all types.

    In PD the early tremors are resting tremors, that is the patient is not moving, not reaching for anything and yet the tremor appears. The tremors can develop in the leg, the head and as the disease progresses, they develop on the other side of the body. Tremors can eventually interfere with daily tasks although stiffness is more often the cause of loss of small muscle control.

    In Essential tremor the tremor usually occurs in the hands. Next common is the head. The voice itself can be affected as well as the tongue. The legs and the torso can also be affected. When the voice is affected, the patient is usually over 65 years of age.

    Occasionally there can be other symptoms of neurodegeneration such as walking problems. Another area of difference is that in many patients, the disease does nt progress can the tremor can be mild throughout the person's life.

    In both ET and PD, prompt diagnosis is needed.

    Parkinson's disease sees about 75% of the patients with tremors. Since symptoms vary, even though tremors are the symptoms everyone identifies. Some people confuse dyskinesia/dystonia with tremor. Many dystonia symptoms might be confused with a form of tremor but can actually be produced during the "on" times of medication.

    Parkinson's disease is a progressive chronic neurodegenerative disorder where the patient will continue to become more symptomatic. There is only one medication at this time which might slow progression and that is rasigiline. There is only one therapy which might do something similar and that is Forced Exercise. There are developing treatments which might be progression slowing or better.

    There is some crossover from Parkinson's disease to Essential Tremor when it comes to treatment. And there is distinct treatment

    For more information about Parkinson's disease:

    For information about both PD and ET

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  • 4 years ago

    what happens with the tongue?

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