Why does (the second) Isaiah call king Cyrus "messiah"?
- wefmeisterLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
Messiah can have a general application in the Old Testament Scriptures; or it can refer to God's Coming One, the Son of David, whose Throne endures forever.
The word Messiah means simply an Anointed One - one anointed or set apart and appointed and equipped by God to accomplish a God given task.
- kismetLv 71 decade ago
King Cyrus is praised in the Book of Isaiah for the freeing of slaves, humanitarian equality and costly reparations he makes:
This is what the LORD says to his anointed,
to Cyrus, whose right hand I take hold of
to subdue nations before him
and to strip kings of their armor,
to open doors before him
so that gates will not be shut: ...
The word "Messiah" is an English rendering of the Hebrew word "Mashiach", which means "Anointed." It usually refers to a person initiated into God's service by being anointed with oil. (Exodus 29:7, I Kings 1:39, II Kings 9:3)
- PaulLv 61 decade ago
I believe Isaiah called king Cyrus "messiah" because he freed the Israelites from bondage in Babylon and allowed them to return to their homeland.
- 1 decade ago
Because he did some of the things that messiahs do.
Not that 'redemption from hellfire' thing. Judaism doesn't have a concept of hellfire or eternal damnation. It just doesn't. Christianity got that from the Greek Tartaros.
Judaism also doesn't have a concept of vicarious atonement and certainly nothing like an incarnate god who dies, goes to the underworld, and comes back offering eternal life to his followers. Christianity gets that from the Osirian mysteries, via the Eleusinian mysteries.
Isaiah calls Cyrus 'messiah' because he was immersed in Jewish culture, fluent in Hebrew and knew how to use the word properly.
Christian writers twisted it around because they weren't.
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- Anonymous4 years ago
What you study in Isaiah 40 4:28 is a great occasion of the validity of the Bible. notice how here Bible-based excerpt expounds on that: "in the process the prophet Isaiah, who lived interior the 8th century B.C.E., Jehovah foretold that the city of Babylon could be destroyed. (Isaiah 13:19; 14:22, 23) info have been given to instruct merely how this could happen. Invading armies could dry up Babylon’s river and march into the city without conflict. that's not all. Isaiah’s prophecy even named the king who could triumph over Babylon—Cyrus.—Isaiah 40 4:27–40 5:2. 14 some 200 years later—on the nighttime of October 5/6, 539 B.C.E.—a protection stress encamped close to Babylon. Who grew to become into its commander? A Persian king named Cyrus. The point grew to become into for this reason set for the fulfillment of a great prophecy. yet could the army of Cyrus invade Babylon without conflict, as foretold? 15 The Babylonians have been conserving a pageant that nighttime and felt shelter at the back of their huge city partitions. meanwhile, Cyrus cleverly diverted the water of the river that flowed in the process the city. quickly the water grew to become into shallow adequate for his adult adult males to circulate the riverbed and attitude the partitions of the city. yet how could Cyrus’ military get previous Babylon’s partitions? For some reason, on that nighttime the doorways to the city have been carelessly left open! bearing directly to Babylon, it grew to become into foretold: “she should not be inhabited, nor will she stay for era after era. And there the Arab won't pitch his tent, and no shepherds will enable their flocks lie down there.” (Isaiah 13:20) This prophecy did greater suitable than anticipate a city’s fall. It confirmed that Babylon could be desolated completely. you will discover information of the fulfillment of those words. The uninhabited website of historic Babylon—approximately 50 miles south of Baghdad, Iraq—is information that what Jehovah spoke by using Isaiah has been fulfilled: “i visit sweep her with the broom of annihilation.”—Isaiah 14:22, 23." **The destruction of Babylon is barely one occasion of fulfilled Bible prophecy. different examples comprise the destruction of Tyre and Nineveh. (Ezekiel 26:a million-5; Zephaniah 2:13-15) additionally, Daniel’s prophecy foretold a succession of worldwide empires that would come into means after Babylon. those lined Medo-Persia and Greece. (Daniel 8:5-7, 20-22) those recorded and fulfilled prophecies have led to many to place faith in God and the prophecies he recorded that relate to our day. (Matthew 24, Luke 21, 2 Timothy 3)
- Anonymous1 decade ago
"Messiah" means only "the anointed" or "the anointed one". Anyone anointed to their position of authority can be accurately described as "messiah" in Hebrew, including all of the kings of Israel and Judah and all of the priests of the temple.
The trick is differentiating between "an anointed official" and "the Messiah".
- Anonymous1 decade ago
because he was shown the prophecy that he would free the exiled jews and help them back home, he also gave them gold and silver to help them rebuild the temple. if you wish to read the timeline on the return from babylon, read these in this order
ezra chs. 1-6
malachi, obadiah, and joel
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Messiah means annointed King jaggoff, not Jesus the lamb of God, or anything specific.
Lots of people have been called messiah in the Bible, Check it out....