Chemistry. What does STP stand for? How do you do these?

Calculate the volume of 89.09 grams of chlorine gas at STP?

and

Calculate the density of propane gas (tricarbon octahydride) at STP.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    STP means standard temperature and Pressure, which is 1 atm and 273K (0 degrees C)

    for the first one you use the ideal gas law : PV=nRT

    P= pressure = 1 atm

    V= volume (what you're finding)

    n= # of moles ( which you calculate from grams)

    R is a constant R= .08296 Latm/molK

    T= temp= 273 K

    89.09 g Cl2 (1 mol Cl2) / (70.9) = 1.26 mol Cl2

    PV=nRT

    (1 atm) (V) = (1.26 mol) (.08206 Latm/molK) (273 K)

    V = 28.25 L

    and for the second one you use a formula derived form PV=nRT

    because D = m/V

    and n = m/MM (MM is molar mass)

    so PV=(m/MM)RT

    PVMM=mRT

    PMM= (mRT)/V

    PMM= (m/V) RT

    PMM=DRT

    D = (MM P)/ RT

    the molar mass of propane (C3O8) is 164.03g

    D =(164.03g) (1atm) / (.08206 Latm/molK) (273K)

    so D= 7.32 g/L

    Source(s): i love chemistry :)
  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    What Does Stp Stand For

  • 1 decade ago

    STP stands for Standard Temperature and Pressure. Typically, the temperature is 0 degrees celsius, and 1 ATM for pressure.

    This helps with mole calculations because you can just use the number 22.4L because at STP, for every mole of a gas, it takes up 22.4 liters of volume.

    So for chlorine (Cl_2), you convert the mass to moles first.

    there are 35.45 grams of chlorine in one mole of chlorine. However Chlorine is typically diatomic, and exists as Cl_2, so there are actually about 70.9 grams of chlorine in 1 mole of chlorine gas.

    80.09 grams chlorine / 70.9 (grams/mole) = 1.13 moles of Cl_2. To convert to liters (volume), just use the number 22.4.

    1.13 moles Cl2 * 22.4 liters / mole = 25.312 liters of Cl_2 is the volume

    For the density question, it's a bit more tricky. You know that 1 mole is 22.4 liters, so you need to determine the mass of one mole of propane, which ends up being 44.11 grams in 22.4 liters. The more frequent unit of measurement however is X grams / 1 liter, so you need to convert to this, although 44.11 grams / 22.4 liters is technically a unit of density.

    To do this, simply divide both the top and bottom by 22.4.

    44.11 / 22.4 = 1.97 grams.

    22.4 / 22.4 = 1 liter.

    So your final density measurement is 1.97 grams / liter.

  • 1 decade ago

    Standard temperature and pressure~

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