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what do you think about communism on a micro level [grassroots -level] ?
- poornakumar bLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
You mean 'Marxism' ?
Communism is applied Marxism, to statecraft. It implies state power.
Grass-root communism is nothing but Marxism. As a philosophy it 'endures'. It is folly to think that 'Communism' is dead. As a state apparatus, yes, it is non-existent. But the principles still motivate men and women, young and old. Like Robin hood wherever there is injustice it raises its head.
I don't know about 'grass-roots' level. What you intend to know; about the so-called 'Naxalism' ?
At the time of India's independence, the largest and most prosperous native (princely) state loyal to British Crown, accepting it as 'paramount', with majority of people steeped in utter poverty was 'Hyderabad'. It was as big as UK in area and population. Conditions in its eastern half are just ripe for a leftist insurrection.
Against that stratified (dominant Muslim) feudal order, the eastern part where Telugu is spoken rose in rebellion against the ruler, Nizam. They embraced communism and resorted to Guerilla warfare against the Nizam Sarcar (government), while the British rulers in this part of the border were blissfully indifferent. Many in coastal parts of Madras presidency (called northern circars; districts of Vizag, country's largest district, Godavari, Krishna, Guntur and Nellore) where their kinsmen also spoke Telugu, but are modern, better educated and well-developed with no whiff of feuadalism. These two groups joined in 'armed struggle' against Nizam. Their aim was to capture power through 'Gun' and esatblish a 'Communist' regime. The then US ambassador Chester Bowles, who was deeply interested in how Communist insurgencies shape up, even made a secret visit to this area of about 42,000 sqaure miles of 8 million people. Though Nizam had his hands full with it, at the lapse of (British) paramouncy, he saw an opportunity to become an independent country; even with the help of Pakistan that brand new nation on the Globe that proclaimed itself as the homeland for Muslims of the Subcontinent of South Asia. India's Home minister sardar Vallabhbhai patel was extremely efficient and saw to it that all such states falling within India's geographical territory were merged ('acceded') in India with the major effort put on Hyderabad (called 'police' action). But he inherited the 'Communist' insurgency there !
After the 'police' action his ruthless suppression of 'Telangana' armed struggle wiped it out without a trace (or even name). Many of the thousands of well-educated young men & women who participated in it were hounded out, driven underground, jailed (a new central jail was opened at 'Rajamundry' in Madras presidency.) and some were killed. All Communist literature (including Karl Marx's 'Das Capital') and such stuff supplied from Moscow at dirt cheap prices were proscribed by Government of India (by him). He was an extreme anti-communist rightist and his ideology is shared by present day Indian 'right'.
But the movement lived (lives) on in the hearts of generation after generation of Telugu youth, till day. By the later half of the last century more than half of Telugu literature had the flavour, ethos and content of 'leftist' ideology. The genre of poetry with this theme rose to great heights rivaling that of 'Pablo Neruda'. If only a proper translation was made available I believe pout 'Sri Sri' would have been nominated for 'Nobel' if not won it.
It threw up many communist Telugu stalwarts, no less patriotic, switched to parliamentary methods later. These are Vavilala Gopalakrishnaiah, Puchchalapalli Sundarayya (his book 'Telangana people's struggle and its lessons', 1972 - is a 'must read' on the subject), Tarimela Nagi Reddi (brother-in-law of Neelam Sanjiva Redddy who became president of India in 1978). Tarimela Nagi Reddi never gave up his faith in 'armed struggle' till the last. In India's first general elections Congress was opposed rather stoutly by 'Communist party of India' (CPI) even before Syama Prasad Mookerjee started his Jana Sangh. The reason for this is that the Congress party that contained within, all shades of political spectrum saw some of its constituents joining CPI.
This party used to take its lead from Russia. Then Chinese peoples (Communist) party became another strong 'beacon'. The ideological giants had their doctrinaire differences and that had its effect on India. As a consequence, the party in its Tenali congress (1967) split into CPI and CPI-M (Marxist) and fought bitterly ever since. Tarimela faction again launched its CPI-ML (Marxist-Leninist) for continuing armed struggle. Other leaders from the rest of country notably, SA Dange, EMS Namboodiripad, Jyothi Basu remained in the movement. Charu Mazumdar rekindled the embers of Telangana struggle at Naxalbari village in West Bengal that caught the imagination of the country afresh and has become popular 'Naxalbari' movement (a travestry of misnaming; a typical Indian stupidity).
- 1 decade ago
i think its great