Mannie asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

can anyone tell me what the Civil War in Lebanon from 1975-1990 was about ?

I know that it was between the Muslims and the Christians, but i really dont understand what it was even about. Like were they trying to take over Beirut?

1 Answer

  • 1 decade ago
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    The Lebanese Civil War (Arabic: الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية‎) was a multifaceted civil war in Lebanon. The war lasted from 1975 to 1990 and resulted in an estimated 130,000 to 250,000 civilian fatalities. Another one million people (one third of the population) were wounded, half of whom were left with lifetime disabilities.

    There is no consensus among scholars and researchers on what triggered the Lebanese Civil War. The antecedents of the war can be traced back to the conflicts and political compromises reached after the end of Lebanon's administration by the Ottoman Empire. The Cold War had a powerful disintegrative effect on Lebanon, which was closely linked to the polarization that preceded the 1958 crisis as well as the heightening tension that preceded the collapse of 1975. Regional polarization had a more important visible effect on Lebanon than did global polarization. The establishment of the state of Israel and the displacement of a hundred thousand Palestinian refugees to Lebanon (around 10% of the total population of the country) changed the demographics of Lebanon and provided a foundation for the long-term involvement of Lebanon in regional conflicts.

    The involvement of Syria, Israel, the United States and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) exacerbated the conflict. After a short break in the fighting in 1976 due to Arab League mediation and Syrian intervention, Palestinian-Lebanese strife continued, with fighting primarily focused in south Lebanon, occupied first by the PLO, then by Israel. During the course of the fighting, alliances shifted rapidly and unpredictably. By the end of the war, nearly every party had allied with and subsequently betrayed every other party at least once. The 1980s were especially bleak: much of Beirut lay in ruins as a result of the 1976 Karantina massacre carried out by Lebanese Christian militias, the Syrian Army shelling of Christian neighborhoods in 1978 and 1981, and the Israeli invasion that evicted the PLO from the country.

    A number of atrocities and terrorist acts were committed by the Lebanese Christian Phalange as well as Palestinians and the Israel Defence Forces, all of whom participated in the war. These included the Damour massacre in which Palestinians massacred Christian inhabitants of the coastal town 20 miles south of Beirut, and the Sabra and Chatila massacre where Christian Phalange forces, with protection and support from the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF), massacred civilians and refugees over three days, while the camps were under Phalange control. The war deteriorated ever further into sectarian carnage, and in the end Lebanon's effective independence counted among the casualties.

    Source(s): wikipedia
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