Emily asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

so much...as...的文法問題

But it is not so much the basic competence that is important as what one has

learned in the process of acquiring that competence.

請問句子中的as是作為準關代用嗎?

還有我不太懂as 加上what one has learned這句的文法結構

麻煩各位替我解答:)

Update:

我想再請教一下

Louis大大所提到的關係代名詞what指的是複合關代嗎?

如果是複合關代的話,句子是不是會變成~as one has learned something which is in the process of acquiring that competence.

還有就是as是連接詞,用來連接兩子句,那開頭那個but是作為連接詞嗎?

3 Answers

Rating
  • Louis
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    such ... as時,後面的as才是關係代名詞.如:such food as we give the dog

    so ... as時,後面的as是連接詞,如He is as tall as I.

    你的句子有虛主詞it,所以較不容易看懂.

    it = the basic competence (後者是delayed subject)

    因為這個真的主詞還附有修飾語that is important,實在太長了.

    英文有把長的主詞向後延的習慣,

    所以the basic competence that is important就放到be動詞的後面去了.

    全句的基本結構是the basic competence is not so much as what ...

    意思是說:前者的basic competence固然重要,但後者的what更重要.

    關係代名詞what在後面的子句中是受詞,代表something:one has learned something in the process of acquiring that competence

    請參閱遠東新世紀英漢辭典第72~73頁as的用法

    及趙振才著英語常見問題大詞典第661~662頁not so much ... as用法

    2010-02-12 18:08:19 補充:

    such food as we give the dog中as 的意思類似 which

    2010-02-13 08:25:58 補充:

    whatever才是複合關係代名詞。what+ever

    句子前面的but是對等連接詞,但是連接本句和上一句的關係,和本句本身的結構無關。有時一個段落也有可以用but開始,表示本段和上一段的內容相對等。

  • 1 decade ago

    FC解釋的很完整了,就是翻譯的「競爭力」有些奇怪。

    But it is not so much the basic competence that is important as what one has

    learned in the process of acquiring that competence.

    →然而與其說是這種基本能力重要,不如說是獲得那種能力的過程中所學到的一切才重要。

    另外補充下你所說得準關代:

    The tax charged by the government is the same as (is) three times more than the product itself costs.

    →政府苛的稅金是這個產品本身價錢的三倍

    如果沒有()中的is的話,就是整串形容詞子句放在as後修飾the tax,當is出現的時候,就是你所稱的準關係代名詞。

    另外的準關代還有than跟but,可是在日常生活中都是比較少使用的,應該說是我們不會遇到,如果需要的話我再把它補上。

    Source(s): 自己
  • CORNIE
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    as是不是準關代,這界定我不太清楚

    通常not so much as的結構都長這樣:not so much A as B,中文譯為A和B比較的話,B比較重要,也就是在強調B,另可譯為與其A不如B,做A的話不如做B,其實B才是重點等等。

    這裡what one has learned等於是個大B,它的結構是個wh名詞子句(由What has one learned?這問句名詞化而來),性質是名詞,但又長的像子句以及為wh-word所帶領,故稱wh名詞子句。

    也就是說重點不是競爭力,而是你在過程中學到了什麼。

    Source(s):
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