Try running the program as an administrator, this has fixed quite a few compatibility problems for me. Right click the 3DS Max icon, and select "Run As Administrator."
Another thing you can try is running in a specific compatibility mode. Right click the 3DS Max icon, select "Properties," and under the "Compatibility" tab, check "Run this program in compatibility mode for:" and select the last OS you remember it running fine on.
Neither of these are guaranteed, I've still found some programs that don't function properly regardless of how I execute them. But this does fix some.
Trial and error.